3142th FOREIGN AFFAIRS Council meeting
Brussels, 23 January 2012
The Council adopted the following conclusions:
"The EU reaffirms its commitment to support both Sudan and South Sudan in their objective of achieving peace and development and will continue to pursue a comprehensive approach to both Sudans as agreed by the Council in June 2011. It recognises the courageous efforts made by both parties leading up to and including the secession of South Sudan in July 2011. The EU remains convinced that the stability and prosperity of Sudan and South Sudan are intertwined and looks to both Presidents to show the same degree of leadership in this critical period.
The EU is deeply concerned at increasing tensions between and within Sudan and South Sudan, most recently the conflicts in Jonglei, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States, and the lack of progress in resolving key outstanding issues in the post-secession negotiations. It urges both Governments to show restraint and to avoid any unilateral action detrimental to the negotiations.
The EU urges the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to reach a negotiated settlement on all outstanding Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and post-secession issues under the auspices of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) and to show the necessary flexibility to overcome their differences. It also calls for the full, unconditional and immediate withdrawal of forces from the Abyei Area by Sudan and South Sudan as agreed on 20 June 2011 and for full cooperation with the UN including the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). In addition the EU underlines the importance of implementing all previous commitments on border issues.
The EU is gravely concerned about the ongoing violence in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States. It calls for an immediate cessation of fighting and the resumption of political talks based on the principles of the Framework Agreement signed by the Government of Sudan and the SPLM/North in Addis Ababa on 28 June 2011. The EU recalls the responsibility of the Government of Sudan to protect all civilians in its territory and recalls the importance of accountability for violations of human rights and international humanitarian law.
The EU urges the Government of Sudan to allow safe and unhindered access for international humanitarian actors to all civilians and reiterates its readiness to provide humanitarian assistance to all those in need. (excerpt)