World Vision Somalia: Hunger Response Situation Report No. 11 (27 July 2017)
4 million children in need of humanitarian assistance: Despite large scale humanitarian assistance, there is still an elevated risk of famine in some parts of the country due to severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition as a result of failure of successive rain seasons and disease outbreaks. The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate with 6.7 million people still in need of protection and humanitarian assistance.
Displaced by drought: An estimated 766,000 people, including 480,000 children, have been internally displaced due to the severe drought. Baidoa and Mogadishu have the highest number of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) with a slight increase being recorded in Baidoa in the past month.
Education significantly affected: About 528,000 children need assistance to stay in schools. Baidoa hosts the highest number of newly displaced children with no access to education.
Access to WASH services: Access to water, sanitation and hygiene remains a challenge for over 4.5 million people. Lack of basic commodities and services has led to major disease outbreaks, with 58,524 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) / Cholera recorded since January 2017. 53% of cases are children under age 5.
Over 5.5 million people in need of health services: Delivery of life-saving health services to most vulnerable children and IDPs is being hampered by funding shortfalls and the inaccessibility of some districts due to insecurity.
Further funding required: World Vision International has assisted 439,700 people in affected areas of Somaliland, Puntland, Jubaland and South West State since January 2017.
More assistance is needed to match increased needs
HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Food insecurity remains: The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate in most regions of Somalia. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity persists in many parts of the country and severe AWD/ Cholera outbreak is ongoing. Humanitarian assistance helped reduce gaps for household food consumption and contributed to stabilization of food prices, but an elevated risk of famine remains. A combination of food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition, high disease burden and reliance on humanitarian aid contribute to vulnerabilities (FSNAU Food Security Alert, June 2017).
Alarming malnutrition rates: The scope of need is still high as mortality rate and levels of acute malnutrition remain critical. This is particularly true among the rural pastoralist population of Sool, Sanaag, Bari, Nugaal and the agro pastoralist population of Bay regions of South West State as well as IDPs in Baidoa and Mogadishu. Crude Death Rates are reported as 2.43/10,000/day, Under 5 Death Rate reported as 4.65/10,000/day and Global Acute Malnutrition rates between 15 to 30%.
Limited humanitarian access due to continued attacks: Access around the country remains severely limited due to insecurity and infrastructure deterioration. Mogadishu and other major towns remain the epicentre of frequent and active attacks by insurgents. Despite the security challenges, humanitarian assistance continues to reach more people. However, this comes with a risk. A total of 90 violent incidents against humanitarian personnel and properties were reported between January and June (UN OCHA Sitrep, June 2017).