Somalia

WFP Somalia: Famine Prevention Response Situation Report (July 2022)

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KEY HIGHLIGHTS

• In July, WFP supported over 3.7 million people with relief food and cash-based assistance. The majority of relief assistance was provided through cash assistance.

• WFP reached around 331,000 beneficiaries1 with nutrition assistance in July.

• Faced with increasing needs, and thanks to new resources committed by donor partners, WFP is scaling up and increasing its coverage of assistance in the coming months. WFP is targeting 4.5 million beneficiaries for relief food and cash-based assistance and is scaling up its nutrition support to reach over 444,000 acutely malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women and girls (PLWGs) in the coming months.

• WFP has continued to provide critical support services to the humanitarian community through the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) and the logistics cluster.

• Thanks to the generous financial support from donors in July, WFP received confirmations of USD 211 million as new contributions, of which USD 205 million was earmarked for lifesaving food and nutrition assistance.

SITUATION UPDATE

7.1 million people are facing Crisis or worse food security outcomes (IPC Phase 3 and above) in Somalia, and over 213,000 people now face catastrophic hunger and starvation (IPC Phase 5). An estimated 1.5 million children under the age of five face acute malnutrition up to the end of 2022, including 386,400 who are likely to be severely malnourished. The number of people displaced by drought across the country has increased, and currently stands at over 1 million people.

The 2022 Gu rainfall season performed poorly this year and ended earlier than anticipated with most regions left with inadequate precipitation while others received none. This marks the fourth failed cropping season since late 2020. A historic fifth poor Deyr rainy season is forecast in October this year, which will result in continued high humanitarian needs well into 2023.

Food prices continue to increase due to the prolonged drought, high global food prices, increased demand, and high fuel prices that are leading to fluctuations in transport costs. Staple cereal and cooking oil prices are between 25 and 160 percent higher than long-term averages across Somalia. The urban poor, IDPs and pastoral communities are at the greatest risk of being impacted by these conditions due to their high reliance on markets and preference for imported food items.