January - December 1999
OFFICE FOR THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS (OCHA)
FOREWORD As 1999 approaches, nearly four years after the departure of the last UNOSOM II peacekeeping troops from Mogadishu, Somalia presents two very different faces.
In the populous central and southern parts, there is the threat of a recurrence of famine comparable in scale to the 1992 famine, when over two hundred thousand Somalis died. Civil unrest and repeated natural disasters have undermined household food security, obliging thousands of families to move towards urban centres and Kenya to seek assistance in order to survive. The present Appeal includes the estimates of 1999 requirements to contain this emergency.
Last month, the United Nations and its partners issued a Donor Alert to the international community. We again urge donors to contribute quickly in order to avoid a potential humanitarian catastrophe in these crisis zones.
The other aspect of Somalia gives some hope for the future. In ‘zones of recovery,’ particularly in the North of Somalia, the people have created environments of relative peace and stability. The local administrations, however, remain fragile. As the UN Secretary-General observed earlier this year, these areas deserve to reap a "peace dividend". The United Nations therefore proposes in this Appeal to provide assistance to build capacities in such areas in order to make progress towards the goals of good governance, peace and renewed prosperity.
We therefore urge donors to address both aspects of Somalia: The need to save lives and reduce human suffering, and the need to foster hope through projects that promote sustained human development.
Sergio Vieira de Mello Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
James Gustave Speth Administrator United Nations Development Programme
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.