UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 9: 30 September 2019

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 30 Sep 2019

Highlights

  • UNICEF has reached 95 per cent of target for treating children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and the Nutrition Cluster partners have exceeded the target for 2019 for treatment of children with SAM.

  • With the new academic year beginning at the end of August, UNICEF along with its partners scaled up education services in Banadir,
    Galgaduud and Puntland for 24,000 new children.

  • Over 1,750 people were reached with hygiene promotion through social mobilization sessions to promote improvement of hygiene practices targeting internally displaced people (IDPs) and host communities.

  • Acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) cases were reported to continue to decline from 197 cases in August to 107 recorded cases in September with cases only reported in Banadir.

  • In child protection, 3459 people (1118 girls and 895 women) benefitted from community-and-school-based mine risk awareness and 407 people (115 girls and 241 women) had access to genderbased violence (GBV) services.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

The 2019 Gu season was the second consecutive below-average rainy season in Somalia and the country is still recovering from a prolonged drought in 2016-17. As a result, the overall humanitarian situation worsened throughout parts of the country in agro-pastoral and riverine areas. 2 General acute malnutrition (GAM) rates have been higher than expected in many districts and so targets are likely underestimated due to this situation. Displacements due to the delayed rains and the impact of conflict are reported to be increasing throughout the country with Baidoa reporting over 1000 new internally displaced people (IDPs) arriving in September citing physical or food insecurity as the driving factor for the displacement. Exclusion and discrimination of women and girls, as well as socially marginalized groups, continue to exacerbate elevated levels of acute humanitarian needs. The 2019 Deyr rains began in mid-September with rains received in the north eastern regions and are predicted to be wetter than normal in most areas with warmer than usual temperatures across the country .

Results produced by FSNAU in August reported that the Gu harvest is expected to be 68 per cent below average, 4 with FSNAU reporting that up to one million children at risk of acute malnutrition and 178,000 children at risk of SAM between July 2019 and June 2020.

The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was launched in January 2019 and seeks US$ 1.08 billion to provide life-saving assistance and livelihood support to 3.4 million Somalis affected by conflict, climatic shocks and displacement across the country, 5 with a focus on the most vulnerable. As of September 2019, the HRP was 52 per cent funded with US$ 559 million received. For 2019, UNICEF is appealing for US$ 145.3 million to sustain the provision of life-saving services including critical nutrition, health, WASH, child protection and education in emergency interventions, as well as cash-based assistance for women and children in Somalia.

In July, the Humanitarian Community and the Somali Federal Government launched the Somalia 2019 Drought Impact Response Plan (DIRP). 6 The DIRP is a focused appeal as part of the overall HRP and appeals for US$ 686 million to aid communities impacted by the delayed Gu rains throughout the country from June to December 2019. The plan targets 4.5 million people affected by the delayed rains. The plan is multi-sectoral, including critical nutrition, health and WASH interventions, and highlights the full scope of needs for children. The impact of the delayed rains is expected to increase vulnerabilities and displacement for those most in need and translate into heightened child protection risks and loss of opportunities for learning for children.