UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #2, 1 - 15 March 2017
UNICEF has revised its humanitarian strategy for 2017 to focus on immediate life-saving measures needed to advert famine. UNICEF has revised its Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) requirements for Somalia from US$66.1 million to US$147.9 million to meet the increased humanitarian needs of children due to the rapidly deteriorating drought situation which is now affecting most of the country.
More than 13,000 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera have already been reported across 12 regions in southern regions and Puntland since the start of the year. In total, UNICEF is directly supporting 34 cholera treatment centres (CTCs) and units (CTUs) across Somalia and treated 5,000 AWD/cholera cases.
Since the start of the year, UNICEF and partners have provided 30,663 children with Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) with lifesaving treatment, representing one and half times more admissions compared to the same period in 2016 (19,671 admissions).
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
6.2 million People in need of humanitarian assistance
944,000 Children under-5 acutely malnourished
UNICEF Appeal 2017 - US$ 147.9 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating due to the severe drought which started in the north in 2016 and is now affecting most of the country. Over 6.2 million people are facing acute food insecurity and the number of people in need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance will likely rise to 4.5 million by April 2017. The drought is also uprooting people, with 250,000 displaced since November 2016, adding to the 1.1 million already internally displaced.2 In addition, people are also crossing into Ethiopia and Kenya. The situation is especially grave for children. Close to 1 million children under five will be acutely malnourished in 2017, including 185,000 severely malnourished, which may increase to over 270,000 if famine is not averted. Malnourished children will also be particularly vulnerable to measles. Children are also dropping out of school, with 30,000 reported so far, and are at risk of family separation and violence, especially when on the move.
Reduced access to water contributes directly to malnutrition, and brings with it an increased risk of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera. More than 13,000 cases of AWD/cholera have already been reported across 12 regions in southern regions and Puntland since the start of the year. This is almost as many cases as reported throughout 2016 (15,600). More than 3,000 cases have been reported over the past week. More than 300 people have died since January and the case fatality rate stands at 2.4 per cent, above the emergency threshold (1 per cent). UNICF is scaling- up its response with emergency health and WASH teams roving across the affected locations to train partners, support case management, sanitation and ensure affected populations access safe water. Lifesaving supplies are being prepositioned with partners and at facility level, and coordination ongoing with WHO, the Ministry of Health (MoH) and partners to deploy additional teams.