UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #19: 15-30 November 2017

Situation Report
Originally published



  • In 2017, 226,137 children with life threatening severe acute malnutrition have been admitted for treatment in UNICEF supported programs. 15,851 children were admitted in stabilization centres.
    Over 52 percent of the total admissions reported in districts hosting IDP communities, a trend that has continued through 2017.

  • By end November, 20,809 suspected cases of measles have been reported from Nugaal, Mudug, Bari, Banadir and Lower Shabelle, 84% of these being children under ten years of age. This year, UNICEF has vaccinated 602,344 children against measles, and is supporting preparations for a national measles vaccination campaign expected to reach 4.2 million children nationwide.

  • To date, UNICEF and partners have provided education assistance to 174,069 children (44 percent girls). 122,940 children (45 percent girls) have accessed safe drinking water, WASH facilities and hygiene promotion in education facilities, while learning materials have reached 143,902 learners (45 percent girls).

  • Between 27 and 29 November, UNICEF as co-chair of the Country task Force on Monitoring and Reporting, organized the second training session for community-based monitors on implementation of grave child rights monitoring in Somalia. A total of 30 monitors (8 female) were trained.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate in geographical scope and complexity. As per the recently released 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), more than 6.2 million people (half of the population), including 3.4 million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. The projected number of children who are, or who will be acutely malnourished has increased by 50 percent since the beginning of 2017 to 1.2 million, including over 232,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) over the next one year.1 Global acute malnutrition levels (GAM) stand at 17.4 percent (median prevalence) across the country; well above emergency thresholds(10-14%). 4.4 million people need humanitarian WASH services, with 3.5 out 5 people suffering from water shortages. Over 5.7 million people require basic health services, including critical needs in maternal and child health, as one in seven Somali children die before the age of five. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and measles continue to lead to preventable deaths acrossthe country, with 78,560 and 20,809 cases reported respectively in 2017. Over 3 million children, out of 4.9 million in country, are estimated to be out of school. Over 2.1 million people have been displaced, including over 1 million in 2017 alone.2 Exclusion and discrimination of socially marginalized groups are contributing to high levels of acute humanitarian needs. 76 percent of recorded Gender Based Violence (GBV) survivors are reported to be from IDP communities. From January to September 2017, 1,585 children have been recruited by armed groups – 95 percent of them in Southern and Central Somalia.3 In areas most affected by conflict and displacement, protection needs in Somalia stem from acts of violence, exploitation, abuse, coercion, and deprivation, especially in situations of conflict and displacement, including grave violations against children and GBV.