The 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview highlights that over 2.1 million people have been displaced in Somalia, including over 1 million in 2017 alone. The ongoing displacement is contributing to high levels of acute humanitarian needs. An estimated 76 percent of recorded GBV survivors are reported to be from IDP communities, and over 3 million children, out of 4.9 million in country, are estimated to be out of school.
Global acute malnutrition levels (GAM) stand at 17.4 percent (median prevalence) across the country; well above emergency thresholds. From January 2017 to date, 215,608 children have been reached with the integrated package of basic nutrition services through UNICEF supported interventions, which represents 78 percent of the 277,000 children targeted in 2017 and 175 percent compared to the number of children reached in 2016.
On 14 November, UNICEF participated in a donor roundtable meeting on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) hosted at the Swedish Embassy in Nairobi and chaired by the Swedish Ambassador to Somalia. During the event, the 2016 Secretary General’s Annual Report on CAAC was also launched.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
6.2 million People in need of humanitarian assistance (FSNAU-FEWSNET Technical Release, August 2017)
1.2 million Children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year
UNICEF 2017 Appeal-US$177.3 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate in terms of geographical scope and complexity. As per the recently released 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Needs Overview, more than 6.2 million people (half of the population), including 3.4 million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. The projected number of children who are, or who will be acutely malnourished has increased by 50 percent since the beginning of 2017 to 1.2 million, including over 232,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) over the next one year.1 Global acute malnutrition levels (GAM) stand at 17.4 percent (median prevalence) across the country; well above emergency thresholds. 4.4 million people need humanitarian WASH services, with 3.5 out 5 people suffering from water shortages. Over 5.7 million people require basic health services, including critical needs in maternal and child health, as one in seven Somali children die before the age of five. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and measles continue to lead to preventable deaths across the country, with 78,000 and 19,000 cases reported respectively in 2017. Over 3 million children, out of 4.9 million in country, are estimated to be out of school. Over 2.1 million people have been displaced, including over 1 million in 2017 alone.2 Exclusion and discrimination of socially marginalized groups are contributing to high levels of acute humanitarian need. 76 percent of recorded GBV survivors are reported to be from IDP communities. From January to August 2017, 1,202 children have been recruited by armed groups – 95 percent of them in Southern and Central Somalia.3 In areas most affected by conflict and displacement, protection needs in Somalia stem from acts of violence, exploitation, abuse, coercion, and deprivation, especially in situations of conflict and displacement, including grave violations against children and GBV.
Humanitarian Leadership and Coordination
UNICEF is part of the Humanitarian Country Team, participates in the Humanitarian Heads of Agencies meetings and the Inter-Cluster Working Group, which lead strategic and cross-sectoral coordination of humanitarian programmes. UNICEF is also an active member of the Civil-Military Working Group and Access Task Force. UNICEF continues to lead the WASH and Nutrition Clusters and the Child Protection Working Group, and co-leads the Education Cluster. The operational capacity of the UNICEF-led Clusters is significant, with a network of over 140 partners, including sub-regional coordinators in over 15 regions. The network facilitates access to information, coordination and interventions in hard to-reach and inaccessible areas. UNICEF and the WASH, Nutrition and Education Clusters are active members of the interagency Drought Operation Coordination Centres (DOCC) in Mogadishu, Baidoa, and Garowe. UNICEF has actively participated in the drafting of key humanitarian response documents, including the Somalia 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)