UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #13: 16-31 August 2017
The post-Gu Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) assessments was released in August indicating a decrease in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance from 6.7 million to 6.2 million due to sustained humanitarian assistance and improved localized rainfall. However, the famine threat continues in affected localized areas, and the situation could still worsen if humanitarian assistance is not sustained.
FSNAU also indicated a deterioration in the nutrition situation with Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rates increasing to 17.4 per cent and 3.2 per cent respectively from the previous figures of 14.9 per cent for GAM and 3.07 per cent for SAM. UNICEF and partners have scaled up to respond to the critical nutrition situation reaching 160,744 children with life-saving therapeutic treatment for SAM to date.
Situation in Numbers
6.2 million People in need of humanitarian assistance (FSNAU-FEWSNET Technical Release, August 2017)
1.2 million Children under-5 acutely malnourished
UNICEF 2017 Appeal-US$147.9 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate due to the ongoing drought crisis. According to the latest FSNAU-FEWSNET post-Gu assessment, 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance between August and December 2017, of which 3.1 million urgently require scaled-up sustained and integrated life-saving assistance and livelihood protection. Findings from a seasonal assessment conducted across Somalia in June and July 2017 indicate that over 3.1 million people will face Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) through December 2017. This represents only a slight improvement in food security compared to the figures projected for April-June 2017, primarily as a result of sustained humanitarian assistance and improved rainfall in localized areas. Additionally, nearly 3.1 million people are classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The drought is also uprooting people, with 916,000 people displaced since November 2016, including 130,000 people newly displaced in the month of July alone.
The projected number of children who are, or will be, acutely malnourished has increased by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.2 million, including over 232,000 who may suffer from life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017. The post-Gu 2017 FSNAU assessment indicates that the prevalence of global acute malnutrition in the livelihood zones of Bay, Bakool, Gedo, as well as in the internally displaced persons (IDP) camps in Hargeisa, Berbera, Qardo, is critical (15-30 per cent). Household access to food and income have lowered due to lower than expected Gu cereal harvest. As a result most rural livelihood zones are classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4). Further interruptions to current food assistance programs and higher prices may exacerbate the household food access situation and increase the risk of famine.
Severely malnourished children are nine times more likely to die of killer diseases like acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera and measles. As per WHO and MoH data, 77,627 cases of AWD/cholera have been reported as of week 34, with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1.4 per cent. Some 15,894 suspected measles cases have also been reported since the beginning of the year, and an estimated 4.5 million people remain in urgent need of WASH assistance.