UNHCR Somalia Protection & Return Monitoring Network (PRMN): Notes on methodology

Manual and Guideline
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About the Project

The PRMN (Protection & Return Monitoring Network) is a UNHCR-led project which acts as a platform for identifying and reporting on displacements (including returns) of populations in Somalia as well as protection incidents underlying such movements. This note covers issues relating to the methodology of recording displacements but does not cover all aspects of the PRMN platform.

Network coverage

On behalf of UNHCR, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) works through 39 local partners in the field in Somalia: four (4) local partners in Somaliland, nine (9) in Puntland and twenty-six (26) in South Central Somalia. Each partner organization has been assigned a geographic area within a given region. In South and Central Somalia, the project is implemented in Banadir, Bay, Bakool, Gedo, Lower Jubba, Hiraan, Lower Shabelle, Middle Shabelle, middle Juba and Galgaduud region; in Puntland, project operations focus in the regions of Galmadug, Mudug and Bari; and in Somaliland, geographic coverage includes Woqooyi Galbeed, Marodijeh, Sool and Awdal regions. Partners in these locations work through specifically trained monitors, and who are supported by NRC area focal points spread across its twelve area support offices and/or operational bases in the field. The level of geographic coverage for displacement tracking and protection monitoring within regions will depend on the local security situation and access, and the numbers of partners and of local field staff.

Monitoring methodology

Partners monitor population displacements and movements such as returns by targeting strategic points including transit sites, established IDP settlements, border crossings and other ad hoc locations. The data is captured by partner staff interviewing displaced persons (generating ‘household-level’ reports) primarily at points of arrival or by interviewing key informants (generating ‘group reports’) at IDP settlements, transit centers and other strategic locations. The interviews rely on the use of a standardized form that is designed to capture information on displacements and protection incidents and in the case of household-level reports, this includes disaggregated demographic data and family vulnerabilities. During the interview, both the point of departure and reason for departure are recorded; sensitive personal information is not stored. Reports are uploaded onto a web-based platform, through which they are quality-controlled by NRC. Reports are also verified prior to approval by NRC field staff, either in person or through third party verification. Referral services and basic emergency support assistance are available through the network to victims and survivors of serious protection incidents.