UNHCR Somalia Factsheet - April 2018
During the month of April the main driver that has impacted the operation’s context was flash and riverine floods.
The flash and riverine floods affected around 427,000 persons and left 199,000 displaced in southern and central part of the country.
The monitoring agencies predict that the Gu rains will continue and possible causing flash and riverine floods.
Early Gu rains caused floods
Above-average Gu rains in the Ethiopia highlands and in the southern and central part of Somalia has caused riverine and flash flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers. According to UN agencies more than 427,000 people have been affected by flooding. Short-term forecasts suggest heavy rainfall is likely to continue both inside Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands, which can continue causing flash and riverine floods.
Response to floods
Flooding affects both IDPs as well as host communities, but IDPs, especially those in temporary or makeshift shelters, are particularly at risk. Through April, UNHCR assisted 1,105 households (6,630 persons) affected by floods with 2,205 core relief items kits (CRIs): in Mogadishu 500 families (3,000 persons) benefited from 500 plastic sheets, blankets and jarrycans ; in Baidoa, 205 families (1,230 persons) benefited from core relief item kits; and in Dhobley 400 families (2,400 persons) benefited from 400 emergency shelter kits.
Displacements caused by floods
In the second half of April, 199,000 persons have been displaced as a result of riverine flooding of the Shabelle and Juba rivers and flash floods due to heavy rains in many parts of Somalia. Most notably the town of Belet Weyne (Hiraan region) was almost entirely flooded as the Shabelle river overflowed leading to displacement of some 100,000 persons. Displacements due to flooding of the Shabelle were also reported further downstream, for example 23,000 in Jowhar district (Middle Shabelle).
Flooding of the Juba river led to more than 25,000 persons displaced in Luuq district (Gedo region) as well as Baardheere (17,000), Saakow (5,000), and El Waaq (3,000) districts of the Gedo region. A substantial proportion of the displacements are short-lived with people returning as soon as waters have subsided but loss of shelter and/or belongings, risk of waterborne diseases and loss of crops have long lasting effects.