Somalia: Tropical Cyclone Emergency Plan of Action Final Report - Operation n° MDRSO002

Situation Report
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Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

The Tropical Cyclone Emergency Appeal was launched in December 2013 to assist households affected by the tropical cyclone disaster that hit Bari and Nugaal regions of Puntland, Somalia on the 10 November 2013. A total of 142,380 persons were affected by the disaster, with 8,523 households being worst hit and 1,435 households having lost all their livestock.

From the onset of the disaster, IFRC mobilized resources to support the SRCS to respond by providing relief services to the affected people through various interventions. These include increasing access to health care delivery services through the deployment of the mobile health clinics to the nomadic communities in the remote areas, distribution of non-food items (NFIs) to the affected families, rehabilitation of water sources and conducting hygiene awareness campaigns in the affected areas.

In November 2013, IFRC operational support team trained 23 SRCS staff and volunteers from Garowe and Bosaso branches in Puntland on field needs assessment. The comprehensive assessment conducted by the SRCS staff and volunteers provided information on the number of affected households and identified priority areas of intervention. The assessment report was used to develop the emergency appeal and plan of action used for the operation.

Due to low appeal coverage which by end of April 2014 was at 36% of the original budget of CHF 2,406,038, the plan of action was reviewed and the appeal budget downsized to CHF 896,908. However, when funding of CHF 905,288 Emergency Plan of Action Final Report Somalia: Tropical Cyclone SRCS volunteers distributing food and NFIs for beneficiaries in Iskushuban distirct. photo by SRCS.2 was received, the budget was revised upwards to match the income received. The additional funds went to procure additional food for 6 schools in the tropical cyclone affected areas which had been in food crisis since November 2013. The distribution of the remaining non-food items (NFIs) to 7 IDP camps in Bosaso town was also included in the budget.

The budget lines that were affected by the revision include food which increased by 9%, distribution and monitoring which increased by 5%. The SRCS originally planned to assist 23,100 people (3,300 households), but due to the low appeal coverage that number was reduced to 18,375 people (2,625 households).

Financial situation: In the final financial report there are various variances which are explained here under:

  • Shared office costs overspent by about 20% due to under budgeting.

  • Volunteer budget line overspent by more than 100%. 235 volunteers (215 from Bari region and 20 from Nugaal region) participated in the operation as compared to the initial plan of 40 volunteers. The food and NFIs distribution required deployment of more volunteers especially in Bari region to complete the distribution within a very short period to avoid any tension in the area as the distribution raised the expectations of more communities who were not directly affected by the Cyclone but equally demanding to be included in the distribution. Moreover, The pledge time frame for Hong Kong Red Cross was very short which needed the distribution to be completed before 30 June, 2014 so that the PBR to be ready for submission on time, hence the mobilization of more volunteers to complete the job on time.

  • International staff budget line overspent by about 6.4%. At the beginning of the operation an operation manager who was originally recruited for South Sudan operation was redeployed to Somalia Tropical Cyclone operation as his arrival in Nairobi coincided with the Cyclone. That was not originally budgeted in Somalia. Later on when he finished his assessment assignment, Somalia operation was charged with his deployment expenses including his return ticket, accommodation in Nairobi after he finished his assignment in Somalia.

IFRC, on behalf of Somali Red Crescent Society, would like to extend thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.