6814th Meeting (AM)
Resolution 2060 (2012) Eases Measures Harmful to Humanitarian Aid Delivery
Reiterating that Somalia’s political transition will not be extended beyond 20 August 2012, the Security Council today extended the mandate of the group monitoring sanctions imposed on that country, explicitly targeting those who obstruct the process, while relaxing funding and equipment restrictions that could negatively affect the delivery of humanitarian aid.
Unanimously adopting resolution 2060 (2012) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council recalled previous resolutions imposing and expanding sanctions listing criteria, noting that one of them was engaging in or supporting acts that threatened Somalia’s peace, security, or stability, including actions threatening the Djibouti Peace Agreement of 18 August 2008; and threatening the political process, the Transitional Federal Institutions and their post-transition successors, or the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
The Council also recalled that engaging in or providing support for such threatening acts included, but was not limited to: the direct or indirect export of charcoal from Somalia; engaging in non-local commerce via Al-Shabaab-controlled ports, which would constitute financial support for a designated entity; and misappropriating financial resources which undermine the ability of the Transitional Federal Institutions and its successors to fulfil their obligations in delivering services under the Djibouti Agreement.
The Council decided that the “general and complete arms embargo” imposed by resolution 733 (1992) and elaborated upon in resolution 1425 (2002) would not apply to weapons and military equipment, or the provision of assistance, solely for the support of or use by the United Nations Political Office in Somalia (UNPOS). It also decided that the measures imposed by resolution 1907 (2009) would not apply to non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use. The Council decided that the Eritrea arms embargo imposed by that text would not apply to protective clothing and other non-lethal military equipment imported for the personal use of United Nations staff, members of the media, humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel.
In relaxing other measures, the Council decided that, for 12 months from the date of the current text, financial restrictions imposed by resolution 1844 (2008) would not apply to funding for the timely delivery of urgently needed humanitarian assistance by the United Nations and its partners. Underscoring the importance of humanitarian aid operations, the Council condemned their politicization, misuse or misappropriation, demanding that all parties ensure full, safe and unhindered access for the timely delivery of aid to persons in need across Somalia.
In extending the mandate of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group until 25 August 2013, the Council expressed its intent to review the mandate no later than 25 July 2013, and take appropriate action regarding its further extension.
The meeting began at 10:10 a.m. and ended at 10:12 a.m.
The full text of resolution 2060 (2012) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Reaffirming its previous resolutions and the statements of its President concerning the situation in Somalia, and concerning Eritrea, in particular resolutions 733 (1992), which established an embargo on all delivery of weapons and military equipment to Somalia (hereafter referred to as the “ Somalia arms embargo”), and resolution 2036 (2012),
“Taking note of the final reports of the Monitoring Group (S/2012/544 and S/2012/545) dated 27 June 2012 submitted pursuant to paragraph 6 (m) of resolution 2002 (2011) and the observations and recommendations contained therein,
“Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea respectively,
“Urging the Somali Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) and all Road Map signatories to redouble their efforts to fully implement the Road Map with the support of the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) and the international community, and reiterating that the Transition will not be extended beyond 20 August 2012, in keeping with the Transitional Federal Charter, Djibouti Agreement, Kampala Accord, and subsequent consultative meetings,
“Expressing concern at the continued missing of deadlines in the political transition, and noting the primary importance of the transition process, reaffirming the importance of preventing further obstacles to the transition process,
“Condemning flows of weapons and ammunition supplies to and through Somalia and Eritrea in violation of the Somalia arms Embargo and the Eritrea arms embargo established pursuant to resolution 1907 (2009) (hereafter referred to as the “Eritrea arms embargo”), as a serious threat to peace and stability in the region,
“Deploring all acts of violence, abuses and violations, including sexual and gender-based violence, committed against civilians, including children, in violation of applicable international law, strongly condemning the recruitment of child soldiers, and strongly urging that the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and its post-transition successors vigorously follow through with the Action Plan on recruitment and use of child soldiers, signed on 3 July 2012, and stressing that the perpetrators must be brought to justice,
“Recalling the Informal Working Group on General Issues of Sanctions report (S/2006/997) on best practices and methods, including paragraphs 21, 22 and 23 that discuss possible steps for clarifying methodological standards for monitoring mechanisms,
“Reaffirming the need for both the Somali authorities and donors to be mutually accountable and transparent in the allocation of financial resources, by encouraging the application of international standards on fiscal transparency, including through the proposed Joint Financial Management Board, in this context expressing concern at the worrying reports on financial transparency,
“Determining that the situation in Somalia, Eritrea’s influence in Somalia, as well as the dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, continue to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region,
“Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
“1. Recalls resolution 1844 (2008) which imposed targeted sanctions and resolution 2002 (2011) which expanded the listing criteria, and noting one of the listing criteria under resolution 1844 is engaging in or providing support for acts that threaten the peace, security or stability of Somalia, including acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of 18 August 2008 or the political process, or threaten the TFIs and their post-transition successors, or the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) by force;
“2. Recalls that engaging in or providing support for acts that threaten the peace, security or stability of Somalia may include, but are not limited to:
(a) Engaging in the direct or indirect export or import of charcoal from Somalia, in line with paragraphs 22 and 23 of resolution 2036 (2012);
(b) Engaging in any non-local commerce via Al-Shabaab controlled ports, which constitutes financial support for a designated entity;
(c) Misappropriating financial resources which undermines the Transitional Federal Institutions’ and their post-transition successors’ ability to fulfil their obligations in delivering services within the framework of the Djibouti Agreement;
“3. Considers that such acts may also include, but are not limited to, engaging in or providing support for acts which obstruct or undermine the transition process in Somalia;
“4. Welcomes the recommendation of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group to set up a Joint Financial Management Board to improve financial management, transparency and accountability of Somalia’s public resources, reiterates its call for the end of the misappropriation of financial funds and for full cooperation in the rapid setting up and effective operation of the Joint Financial Management Board, and notes the importance of capacity-building of the relevant Somali institutions;
“5. Underscores the importance of humanitarian aid operations, condemns any politicization of humanitarian assistance, or misuse or misappropriation, and calls upon Member States and the United Nations to take all feasible steps to mitigate these aforementioned practices in Somalia;
“6. Demands that all parties ensure full, safe and unhindered access for the timely delivery of humanitarian aid to persons in need of assistance across Somalia, in accordance with humanitarian principles of impartiality, neutrality, humanity and independence, underlines its concern at the humanitarian situation in Somalia, urges all parties and armed groups to take appropriate steps to ensure the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and supplies, and expresses its readiness to apply targeted sanctions against individuals and entities if they meet the listing criteria set out in resolutions 1844 (2008) and 2002 (2011);
“7. Decides that for a period of 12 months from the date of this resolution, and without prejudice to humanitarian assistance programmes conducted elsewhere, the obligations imposed on Member States in paragraph 3 of resolution 1844 (2008) shall not apply to the payment of funds, other financial assets or economic resources necessary to ensure the timely delivery of urgently needed humanitarian assistance in Somalia, by the United Nations, its specialized agencies or programmes, humanitarian organizations having observer status with the United Nations General Assembly that provide humanitarian assistance, and their implementing partners including bilaterally or multilaterally funded NGOs participating in the United Nations Consolidated Appeal for Somalia;
“8. Requests the Emergency Relief Coordinator to report to the Security Council by 20 November 2012 and again by 20 July 2013 on the implementation of paragraphs 5, 6 and 7 above and on any impediments to the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Somalia, and requests relevant United Nations agencies and humanitarian organizations having observer status with the United Nations General Assembly and their implementing partners that provide humanitarian assistance in Somalia to increase their cooperation and willingness to share information with the United Nations Humanitarian Aid Coordinator for Somalia in the preparation of such report and in the interests of increasing transparency and accountability by providing information relevant to paragraphs 5, 6 and 7 above;
“9. Requests enhanced cooperation, coordination and information sharing between the Monitoring Group and the humanitarian organizations operating in Somalia and neighbouring countries;
“10. Decides that measures imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 733 (1992) and further elaborated upon by paragraphs 1 and 2 of resolution 1425 (2002) shall not apply to supplies of weapons and military equipment, or the provision of assistance, solely for the support of or use by the United Nations Political Office for Somalia, as approved in advance by the Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992);
“11. Decides that the Eritrea arms embargo imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 1907 (2009) shall not apply to protective clothing including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to Eritrea by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel for their personal use only;
“12. Decides also that the measures imposed by paragraph 5 of resolution 1907 (2009) shall not apply to supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, as approved in advance by the Committee;
“13. Decides to extend until 25 August 2013 the mandate of the Monitoring Group referred to in paragraph 3 of resolution 1558 (2004), extended by subsequent resolutions including by resolutions 2002 (2011), 2023 (2011) and 2036 (2012), expresses its intent to review the mandate and take appropriate action regarding the further extension no later than 25 July 2013 and requests the Secretary-General to take the necessary administrative measures as expeditiously as possible to re‑establish the Monitoring Group for a period of 13 months from the date of this resolution, drawing, as appropriate, on the expertise of the members of the Monitoring Group established pursuant to previous resolutions, including resolution 2002 (2011), and consistent with resolution 1907 (2009), resolution 2023 (2011) and resolution 2036 (2012), this mandate being as follows:
(a) To assist the Committee in monitoring the implementation of the measures imposed in paragraph 1, 3 and 7 of 1844 (2008), including by reporting any information on violations; to include in its reports to the Committee any information relevant to the potential designation of the individuals and entities described in paragraph 1 above;
(b) To assist the Committee in compiling narrative summaries, referred to in paragraph 14 of resolution 1844 (2008), of individuals and entities designated pursuant to paragraph 1 above;
(c) To investigate any seaport operations in Somalia that may generate revenue for Al-Shabaab, an entity designated by the Committee for meeting the listing criteria in resolution 1844 (2008);
(d) To continue the tasks outlined in paragraphs 3 (a) to (c) of resolution 1587 (2005), paragraphs 23 (a) to (c) of resolution 1844 (2008), and paragraphs 19 (a) to (d) of resolution 1907 (2009);
(e) To investigate, in coordination with relevant international agencies, all activities, including in the financial, maritime and other sectors, which generate revenues used to commit violations of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes;
(f) To investigate any means of transport, routes, seaports, airports and other facilities used in connection with violations of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes;
(g) To continue refining and updating information on the draft list of those individuals and entities that engage in acts described in paragraph 1 above, inside and outside Somalia, and their active supporters, for possible future measures by the Council, and to present such information to the Committee as and when the Committee deems appropriate;
(h) To compile a draft list of those individuals and entities that engage in acts described in paragraphs 15 (a)-(e) of resolution 1907 (2009), inside and outside Eritrea, and their active supporters, for possible future measures by the Council, and to present such information to the Committee as and when the Committee deems appropriate;
(i) To continue making recommendations based on its investigations, on the previous reports of the Panel of Experts (S/2003/223 and S/2003/1035) appointed pursuant to resolutions 1425 (2002) and 1474 (2003), and on the previous reports of the Monitoring Group (S/2004/604, S/2005/153, S/2005/625, S/2006/229, S/2006/913, S/2007/436, S/2008/274, S/2008/769, S/2010/91 and S/2011/433) appointed pursuant to resolutions 1519 (2003), 1558 (2004), 1587 (2005), 1630 (2005), 1676 (2006), 1724 (2006), 1766 (2007), 1811 (2008), 1853 (2008), 1916 (2010) and 2002 (2011);
(j) To work closely with the Committee on specific recommendations for additional measures to improve overall compliance with the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes, as well as the measures imposed in paragraphs 1, 3 and 7 of resolution 1844 (2008), and paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 13 of resolution 1907 (2009) concerning Eritrea;
(k) To assist in identifying areas where the capacities of States in the region can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes, as well as the measures imposed in paragraphs 1, 3 and 7 of resolution 1844 (2008), and paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 13 of resolution 1907 (2009) concerning Eritrea;
(l) To provide to the Council, through the Committee, a midterm briefing within six months of its establishment, and to submit progress reports to the Committee on a monthly basis;
(m) To submit, for the Security Council’s consideration, through the Committee, two final reports; one focusing on Somalia, the other on Eritrea, covering all the tasks set out above, no later than 30 days prior to the termination of the Monitoring Group’s mandate;
“14. Further requests the Secretary-General to make the necessary financial arrangements to support the work of the Monitoring Group;
“15. Requests the Committee, in accordance with its mandate and in consultation with the Monitoring Group and other relevant United Nations entities to consider the recommendations in the reports of the Monitoring Group and recommend to the Council ways to improve the implementation of and compliance with the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes, the measures regarding the import and export of charcoal from Somalia, as well as implementation of the targeted measures imposed by paragraphs 1, 3 and 7 of resolution 1844 (2008) and paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 13 of resolution 1907 (2009) taking into account paragraph 1 above, in response to continuing violations;
“16. Urges all parties and all States, including Eritrea, other States in the region, and the Transitional Federal Government, and its post-transition successor, as well as international, regional and subregional organizations, to ensure cooperation with the Monitoring Group, and ensure the safety of the members of the Monitoring Group, and unhindered access, in particular to persons, documents and sites the Monitoring Group deems relevant to the execution of its mandate;
“17. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”