Somalia Post Deyr’ 11/12 Integrated Nutrition Situation Analysis, Gedo Region

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Main Livelihood Groups

Livelihood Groups & Main Sources of Food and Income

• 2 Pastoral Livelihoods  Southern Inland- keep camel, sheep & goat  Dawa – keep cattle, camel & shoat  Primary sources of income of poor: sale of livestock & livestock products  Primary sources of food of poor: purchase and own production  Primary livelihood assets of poor: camel, cattle and sheep/goat

2 Agro-pastoral Livelihoods (Southern agro-pastoral and Bay agro-pastoral high potential)  Southern agro-pastoral are more pastoral than agriculturalists. Main sources of income: sale of livestock & livestock products, self-employment (fodder and bush products sales); main sources of food: purchase and own production  Bay bakool agro-pastoral are more agriculturalists than pastoralists. Main sources of income: sale of crops, livestock products and labour; main sources of food: own crop production and purchases.

• Riverine Livelihood (Juba riverine pump irrigation) are agriculturalists. Main production onion, tobacco, citrus and fruits; main sources of income: sale of crops and labour; main source of food: purchase and own crop production.