A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
From 26 March 2015, there was an escalation in fighting between opposition groups in Yemen, which has affected an estimated 500,000 people, including 244,000 registered refugees (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). As a result, Somali and Yemeni nationals affected by the crisis have begun to flee the country through the ports of Al Mukalla and Mukha in Yemen. On 28 March 2015, 32 Yemeni nationals reached the port of Berbera in Somaliland. According to Somaliland immigration authorities, the arrivals were from the Qahdani and Ibb tribes fleeing violence in Mukha, Taiz region, Yemen; and all has the relevant travel documentation. On 1 April 2015, 90 people reached the port of Bossaso (Puntland) comprising Somali returnees, originally from Puntland and South Central (Mogadishu, Kismayo, Qoryooleey etc.), claiming to fleeing violence against Somalis living in the Sana`a, Aden and Mukala areas of Yemen, and protection issues affecting women; as well as groups of Yemeni nationals.
On Friday 17 April, 321 new arrivals (166 male 155 female and 123 children below the age of 18 years) which comprised 306 Somalis (251 from Mogadishu; and 55 from Somaliland), 14 Yemenis, and one Ethiopian, reached the port of Berbera from Mukha, Yemen. By 21 April 2015, the total number of arrivals in Puntland and Somaliland had reached 2,000.
New refugee arrivals/returnees are reported to be travelling on commercial boats, each paying $50 per person; however in some instances had had to pay additional money to the owners / brokers of the boats to be able to travel as there are many people on the waiting list for departure. According to the Inter-Agency Task Force, which has been established by the government of Somaliland and Puntland together with United Nations (UN) Agencies, it is anticipated that about 100,000 arrivals/returnees are expected to arrive within the next six months.