Somalia Operation: Concept of Operations, 11 April 2017
BACKGROUND Somalia has been hit by a prolonged drought and the humanitarian situation in the country has been rapidly deteriorating since late 2016. Malnutrition and drought-related disease outbreaks are on the rise as Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera has spread to most regions. The number of people displaced by drought since November 2016 is over 250,000. Half of the population – 6.2 out of the 12.3 million people – are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, 2017).
As the operating environment in Somalia remains one of the most hazardous in the world, regular and sustained access to the hard hit areas represents a challenge due to surging insecurities, capacity limitations and inadequate infrastructure. Threats and attacks against humanitarian actors and assets are on the increase, hindering and diverting the provision of aid. Road access limitations also affects commercial food prices as traders transfer the high cost of operating in insecure areas to consumers.
In response to the emergency, a Drought Operations Coordination Centre (DOCC) has been set up in Mogadishu. All Clusters, including the Logistics Cluster, are represented in the DOCC, and are engaged in daily planning for a multisectoral response.