Somalia: Nutrition Cluster Monthly Update (September 2021)

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Current Nutrition Situation

The median Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) prevalence has remained Serious (10–14.9%) for the past consecutive seasons (11.1 Post Gu’ 2021, 11.8 Post Deyr 2020/2021, 11.8 in Gu 2020 and 13.1% in 2019/20 Deyr). Based on results of the 2021 Post Gu assessment an estimated 1.2 million children under the age of five years (total acute malnutrition burden) face acute malnutrition between August 2021 and July 2022, including 213 400 likely to be severely malnourished.
Some of the aggravating factors are reported to be localized flooding, drought, and conflicts that contributed to increase the vulnerabilities and continued to be the predominant predisposing factors to malnu-trition. In addition, limited access to and high prices of food, water shortages, limited access to basic services like primary healthcare, immunization, vitamin A supplementation, sub-optimal feeding practices and childcare, and safe drinking water & sanitation that increase in the prevalence of acute watery diarrhea were also some risk factors for malnutrition.

As of 30th September 2021, the nutrition cluster partners reached 370,003 boys and 438,057 girls aged 06-59 months and 202,187 Pregnant and Lactating Women with nutrition treatment and preven-tion services covering 72% of HRP targets. Of which 180,376 are severely acute malnourished children, 439,707 moderately acute malnourished children, and 138,103 are Moderately malnourished PLW admitted into the nutrition facilities while 252,061 children under 2 years and pregnant and lactating women received Blanket supplementary Feeding services as part of the malnutrition preven-tion intervention. To improve the nutrition situation, integrated programming, and linkages to (WASH, Health and FSL) are needed and through early action and preventive interventions to the high-risk groups in order to address the situation effectively.