Somalia Movement Trend Tracking (MTT) Snapshot: Baidoa, South West State, 28 August – 7 September 2017

from International Organization for Migration
Published on 07 Sep 2017

Key Messages

Note that this reporting period was only 11 days as opposed to the usual 28 days. This was due to a shift in the reporting schedule. Going forward from next week, the MTT reporting period will be 7 days.

  • No exits were recorded during the reporting period. This is primarily due to two factors: The end of the harvest season two weeks ago, which no longer compels families to return home to manage their farms, and the Eid alAdha holiday, which prompted families to stay in town for access to the markets.

  • For entries, the Baidoa witnessed 1,668 new arrivals in this reporting period, which falls within the average range for new arrivals seen on a weekly basis.

  • In a slight shift from the previous 2 months, food – not insecurity – was the main driver pushing new arrivals to enter the sites during these 11 days. Specifically, for new arrivals: 50% cited access to food, 39% named insecurity, and 10% gave reasons related to health as to why they were entering. As noted above, there were no exits.

  • Those entering Baidoa typically came from the districts of Qansax Dheere (52%), Baidoa (21%), and Sakow (12%). Most were heading to the IDP sites of Ceel Bay (34%), Daryelshewka (21%), and Jubada Dhexe (14%).


Movement Trend Tracking (MTT) is a population movement monitoring exercise that tracks people who are moving in or out of sites on a semi-permanent or permanent basis. MTT figures aim to gauge the pulse of movements in and out of sites in Baidoa. However, they should not be considered official updates to the population figures of the sites but more of an estimate.

In Baidoa, IOM enumerators are positioned at the 3 main checkpoints in and out of town (shown on the map below) from 6:30am until 5:30pm, 7 days a week. From these checkpoints, the teams identify people who are moving in or out of Baidoa with luggage. Capturing only individuals moving with luggage ensures that these movements are permanent or semi-permanent in nature. Interviews are done with the individual or head of household on the move at these points of entry / exit.

The MTT exercise aims to complement existing information management products on displacements and movements in Baidoa, by providing site level specific data on population movements on a regular basis, to assist agencies operating in sites and settlements with key information on: demographics of movement, area of origin, area of return/onward movement, reasons for movement and movement trends over time.

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