The unprecedented drought spanning over four consecutive poor rainy seasons has severely aggravated the humanitarian crisis in Somalia and needs are on the rise due to limited rain, displacement, lack of access to basic services and continuing conﬂict. Food security needs are nearly double the ﬁve-year average, with an eﬆimated 2,444,000 people in Crisis (IPC Phase3) and 866,000 in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), according to the Famine Early Warning Syﬆems Network (FEWSNET) and Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). The Deyr rainy season in October was erratically diﬆributed and approximately 50 per cent below average in moﬆ areas. Projections indicate that rainfall in November and December is not expected to signiﬁcantly improve crop prospects. Moﬆ parts of the country remain dry, resulting in very poor cropping conditions and well below average rangeland resources. Continued emergency relief alongside further scale up of livelihoods assiﬆance is required. With over 23,000 people newly displaced in October, total displacement due to drought and conﬂict in 2017 is now over one million, with nearly two-thirds under the age of 18. Malnutrition rates remain high, with the national median Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate at 17.4 per cent, above the 15 per cent threshold. Flashﬂoods have displaced people, deﬆroyed properties and raised concern of waterborne disease outbreaks in some areas. Donors have contributed USD$1.16 billion for the humanitarian response. Humanitarian and development actors are working on the Drought Impact Needs Assessment, contributing to a more comprehensive and long-term perspective on drought response through resilience building and durable solutions.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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