The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate and an elevated risk of famine persists in some parts of the country, only six years after the devastating 2011 famine led to the death of over a quarter million people, half of them children. The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.7 million people up from 6.2 million, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. Of these, 3.2 million people will be in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) through June. The projected number of children who are or will be acutely malnourished has gone up by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 376,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Over 683,000 people have been displaced due to drought since November 2016 and nearly 7,000 people have crossed into neighboring Ethiopia and Kenya. Major disease outbreaks are spreading, with over 36,000 cases of AWD/Cholera and more than 7,000 suspected measles cases reported since the beginning of the year of which, 51 per cent are of children under the age of 5.
The humanitarian response continued to scale up exponentially during the month of April courtesy of early and quick response by donors who have provided $668 million dollars for famine prevention. With the resources received thus far, there has been a massive scale-up of the response and millions of people at risk of starvation and disease are being reached with life-saving assistance, livelihood support and protection services. The Food Security partners have reached 2.7 million of their 2.9 million people monthly target through activities geared towards improving access to food and safety nets. This is a million more than the number of people reached in March. The WASH cluster also reached more than one million people with temporary supply of safe water. To curb the increasing cases of malnutrition, 425 new nutrition service delivery facilities, including mobile sites, have been set up since the beginning of 2017 mainly focusing on the most affected areas. The health cluster has established 65 AWD/cholera treatment facilities across the country this year. Some 338,671 people, 95 per cent of the Health Cluster monthly target, received primary and basic secondary health care services and 337,582 children under five year and pregnant and lactating women, 81 per cent of the Nutrition Cluster’s monthly target, were treated for malnutrition. Some 104,400 school children were reached with Education in Emergencies assistance, 35,000 with protection services, and nearly 22,000 with shelter support. In rural areas, livelihood support prioritized emergency livestock support to keep animals alive and productive, cash-based interventions to meet families’ immediate food needs, and ensuring the availability of inputs to produce food. The second round of a livestock treatment campaign has reached 500,000 animals so far. Round one – which concluded in late April – exceeded its target of 8 million animals, treating a total of 8.4 million animals which benefited more than 1.2 million people. Around 230,000 people have receiving seeds to plant during Gu, the biggest planting season. To address challenges arising from increasing displacement, the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM) was activated.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.