Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin, 1 - 31 December 2019



  • HNO shows most families with severe or extreme needs live in southern, central and southwest regions

  • HC highlights need to focus on triple nexus – humanitarian/development/peac e – to achieve sustainable progress

  • FAO reports that an estimated 70,000 hectares of land have been infested by hoppers and breeding adult locusts

  • New Somalia Protection Monitoring System online portal to inform protection sensitive programming

  • Donors are encouraged to build on 2019 gains, sustain lifesaving response and support livelihoods early in 2020

Over 5.2 million people in Somalia will need assistance in 2020

An estimated 5.2 million people in Somalia need humanitarian assistance, according to the 2020 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). These include 1.7 million people who have been displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts and floods; 108,000 returnees; and 42,000 refugees and asylum seekers. Most families with severe or extreme needs live in southern, central and southwest regions (Gedo, Bay, Bakool and Lower Juba). The main factors driving humanitarian needs in Somalia include food insecurity, climate related shocks, conflict and heightened protection risks. People with disabilities face additional vulnerabilities.

According to the HNO, up to 2.1 million people across Somalia are expected to face food consumption gaps and over 2.4 million Somali people require lifesaving essential healthcare and nutrition services. About 1.3 million boys, girls, pregnant and lactating women suffer from acute malnutrition, with 180,000 children under 5 suffering from life threatening severe malnutrition. An estimated 3.7 million people need protection-related assistance, 1.37 million children (including 691,295 girls) need assistance to either stay or enroll in school, 2.2 million people need shelter and non-food items, and 2.7 million people require assistance to access basic WASH services in 2020.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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