Somalia External Update, Issue 25 - April 2013

Situation Report
Originally published



• Rains began in late March in many parts of Somalia easing the dry weather conditions that caused water shortages, particularly in the northern regions of Sool, Sanaag and Togdheer, and parts of the Gedo region in the South in the first quarter. The moderate to heavy downpour marked an early start to the April-June Gu rainy season, with Gaalkacyo, Eyl, Laas Caanood in Mudug, Nugaal and Bari, respectively, and Jowhar and Baardheere districts in southern Somalia recording significant rains according to the UNled Somalia Water and Land Information Management Unit (SWALIM)
• The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously on 6th March to temporarily rescind part of a 21-year-old arms embargo on Somalia, portraying the easing as part of an effort to strengthen the Somali government’s authority by permitting it to purchase light weapons
• Famine and severe food insecurity in Somalia claimed the lives of about 258,000 people between October 2010 and April 2012, including 133,000 children under 5. In addition:
• An estimated 4.6 percent of the total population and 10 percent of children under 5 died in Southern and Central Somalia
• Lower Shabelle, Mogadishu, and Bay were hardest hit, with the proportion of children under 5 who died in these areas estimated to be about 18 percent, 17 percent, and 13 percent, respectively
• Mortality peaked at about 30,000 excess deaths per month between May and August 2011