Somalia

Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 16

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Situation Report
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This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 24 August to 6 September 2017. The next report will be issued on or around 21 September 2017.

Highlights

• Some 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the latest FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Assessment results released on 31 August. However, the decline from 6.7 million people in need in May masks an increase in the number of people in IPC 4 (802,000 people in Emergency phase) compared to 439,000 in the previous assessment.

• The risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) persists in the worst affected areas, particularly in the northeast and among some IDP populations.

• The overall nutrition situation in Somalia has continued to deteriorate, especially in northern and central parts of the country. Approximately 388,000 children under the age of five are acutely malnourished, including 87,000 who are severely malnourished and face increased risk of morbidity and death.

• There is progress on containment of the AWD/cholera outbreak with a significant decline in cases in August.

• Case numbers of measles remain high. A nationwide measles vaccination campaign is scheduled for November/December 2017. Health partners highlight the need for further funding for this campaign.

• Cumulative drought related displacements monitored by the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN) in the period 1 November 2016 to 31 August 2017, is approximately 900,000 people (or 810,000 people year to date). Conflict-related displacements in 2017 are estimated at 155,000 people

6.2 m People in need. 3.1m in IPC Phases 3 and 4. 388,000

Children under five years acutely malnourished, including 87,000 severely malnourished by July 2017.

16,000 Reported cases of suspected measles in 2017.

900,000 Displaced people since Nov. 2016

155,000 Conflict-induced displacements in 2017

$1.04b Total reported humanitarian funding in 2017 (HRP+ non-HRP funding

Situation Overview

The 2017 Post Gu Seasonal Food Security and Nutrition Assessment conducted across Somalia indicate that an estimated 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, with 3.1 million people in need of urgent lifesaving assistance. The assessment also shows a slight improvement in food security compared to the April-June 2017 projections. The acutely food insecure population has declined from 3.2 million people to 3.1 million people, mainly driven by sustained humanitarian assistance and improved rainfall in localized areas.

The risk of famine however continues through 2017 in the worst affected areas especially in northeast and some IDP populations. Food security and nutrition outcomes across most of the 13 main IDP settlements indicated a deterioration and are classified as Crisis or Emergency. Drought conditions are expected to continue to deepen until the start of the Deyr rainy season (October to December) as most parts of the country are expected to receive average to below average rainfall, in addition to experiencing above (warmer) normal temperatures. The combined impact is expected to lead to earlier than usual depletion of pasture and water sources and result in retarded crop development, according to the 2017 Post-Gu assessment.

In addition, the levels of acute malnutrition remain high across Somalia. Results from 31 nutrition surveys conducted in June and July, indicate that an estimated 388,000 children under age five are acutely malnourished. This includes 301,000 moderately malnourished (MAM) and 87,000 severely malnourished (SAM) children. The majority of these are in Banadir, Bay, Lower Shabelle and Woqooyi Galbeed regions. At national level, median prevalence of acute malnutrition has deteriorated from Serious in Gu 2016 (14.5 per cent GAM) to Critical (17.4 per cent GAM) in Gu 2017. Extremely Critical levels of GAM rates of 15 per cent and above were recorded in two-thirds of the groups surveyed, including in Bay (29.4 per cent), Banadir (20.4 per cent) and Galgaduud (33.4 per cent). Limited healthcare services, chronic dietary diversity and poor child care practices have significantly contributed to deterioration of nutrition situation across the country.

Health partners are appealing for funds for a nationwide measles vaccination campaign scheduled for November/December 2017. The campaign will target more than 4 million children between the ages of 6 months and 10 years.

The overall trend for suspected new AWD/cholera and related deaths show a significant decline in the month of August. As of 27 August, over 77,000 cumulative AWD/cholera cases and 1,157 related deaths (CFR 1.5 per cent) had been recorded from 52 districts across 16 regions, since January. The case fatality rate declined from a peak of over four per cent in February to zero per cent in August 2017.

Provisional figures from the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN) indicate that at least 62,000 individuals have been newly internally displaced countrywide in August, of whom 25,000 by conflict and 36,000 due to drought related reasons. This represents a decrease compared to July, which had seen a spike in displacements totaling 130,000 driven by both conflict and drought. Some 23,000 (90 per cent) of the conflict-related displacements originate from Marka district, Lower Shabelle region, as a result of ongoing conflict between clan militia and armed elements in the area. The drought related departures reported in August were mainly from Bakool (11,000 people) and Bay (15,000 people) with predominant destination being Baidoa town (20,000). Southern and central Somalia represents some 80 per cent of all drought-related movements although in Somaliland 6,000 new displacements were also recorded during August (down from 24,000 in July).

Cumulative drought related displacements monitored by PRMN in the period 1 November 2016 to 31 August 2017 now total approximately 900,000 (or 810,000 year to date). Conflict-related displacements during 2017 have reached approximately 155,000. The figures for August are provisional and may be adjusted as remaining reports are verified

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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