Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 13 (as of 20 June 2017)

Situation Report
Originally published



• Rainfall totals were more than 30 per cent below average across large areas of Somalia, and more than 50 per cent below average in the worst-affected areas, according to the Global Food Security alert issued by FEWSNET on 21 June.

• A total of 3.51 million people have been reached with temporary or permanent access to safe water since the beginning of the year. This represents 75 per cent of the 4.5 million people targeted for access to safe water.

• More than 18.5 million heads of livestock have been treated against common diseases since March, benefiting 2.8 million people across Somalia (with the exception of Middle Juba, due to insecurity).

• The UK Secretary of State for International Development visited Somalia and announced an additional aid package of £60 million (about US$77 million) to help tackle the current humanitarian crisis caused by the prolonged drought

Situation Overview

Situation Overview In the Horn of Africa, the March to May rainy season was much drier than anticipated. Rainfall totals were more than 30 percent below average across large areas of Somalia, and more than 50 percent below average in the worstaffected areas, according to the Global Food Security alert issued by FEWSNET on 21 June (Read more: While the rains have led to recharge of some of the water points, regeneration of pasture and improvement of livestock body conditions in some areas, an elevated risk of famine persists in parts of Somalia due to severe food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition and high disease burden.

Cases of Acute Watery Diarhoea (AWD/cholera) continued to occur with more than 51,000 cases and 782 deaths reported this year as of 11 June(Read more: More cases were reported in Somaliland during this reporting period. More than 80 cases and 9 related deaths were also reported in Mudug region. The majority of cases are among children under age 5. Overall, there was a 31 per cent decrease in the number of deaths with the case fatality rate reducing to 1.6 per cent. However, the case fatality rate remains above the 1 per cent emergency threshold. Nearly 10,500 measles cases have been reported since the beginning of the year and nearly half of these are children under age 5. The health cluster recommends a nation-wide measles vaccination campaign and is actively seeking funding in collaboration with WHO, UNICEF and IFRC to step up response.

New drought-related displacements into Baidoa town have occurred during the reporting period. Most of the estimated 1,500 households newly displaced are coming from parts of Bay (Berdale, Buurey, and northern parts of Bay) and Bakool. These areas have received very little rainfall and communities are concerned that their crops and livestock will not survive the drought. Humanitarian partners are putting in place measures to scale up response to the new arrivals. Overall, more than 739,000 people have been displaced due to drought since November 2016. These include 160,000 new IDPs in Baidoa and 155,000 in Mogadishu.

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