Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 12 (as of 13 June 2017)
According to the FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), the significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia during the week starting 4 June is a possible indicator of the end of the Gu rainy season.
New AWD/Cholera cases continued to be reported in Wadajir district, Banadir region, Luuq in Gedo region, Dhuusamarreeb in Galgadud region, Baidoa in Bay region and Buhodle Ayn in Puntland. Overall, some 51,036 AWD/cholera cases and 782 related deaths have been reported in 2017.
Education cluster partners have supported 50 per cent of the 250,000 children targeted in 2017. Nearly 40 per cent of the people displaced by drought since November 2016, are children.
A delegation led by the African Union and the United Nations concluded a five-day visit to the Horn of Africa on 13 June, after visiting drought-affected communities in Ethiopia and Somalia. The mission included representatives from Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the African Development Bank, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and the World Bank.
Following a significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia during the week starting 4 June, the FAO -managed SWALIM predict a possible end of the Gu rainfall season. Water levels in the Juba and Shabelle rivers have been decreasing gradually, and there is no foreseen risk of flooding along the two rivers. Little or no rains are expected during the week starting 11 June. The rains have resulted in regeneration of pasture and increased water availability in some areas.
While the Gu rainfall season has brought some relief, unsafe water sources are now expected to lead to an increase in AWD/cholera cases. The Ministry of Health (MoH) Somalia has reported 2,429 AWD/ Cholera cases and 19 deaths for the period 5 to 11 June 2017. Of these, 460 cases (19 per cent of the total cases) were reported from Wadajir district in Banadir region. The cholera outbreak, which started in January 2017 has seen a cumulative total of 51,036 cases including 782 deaths as of 15 June. This is a significant increase compared to cases recorded during the same period in 2016. The case-fatality rate of 1.6 per cent remains above the emergency threshold of 1 per cent.
Measles outbreaks continued to be reported in some parts of Somalia, with 9,813 suspected measles cases reported countrywide as of 12 June 2017.
The nutrition situation has continued to deteriorate. Nutrition partners report that 2.2 million people are in need of nutrition interventions, of which the cluster has targeted 1.155 million people, including 539,000 moderately malnourished children; 346,000 severely malnourished children aged between 6 months and 5 years, and 270,000 pregnant and lactating women.
Protection needs remain critical for the most vulnerable groups, especially women, children, persons with disabilities, the elderly and the minority communities. Internal displacement continues to feature as a key driver of humanitarian and protection needs. Although the estimated number of people in protracted internal displacement has remained at 1.1 million in the past couple of years, protection partners suggest that this figure is actually much higher. Lack of adequate shelter and key non-food items (NFIs) has been reported across all the IDP settlements.
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