Somalia

Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 11 (as of 6 June 2017)

Format
Situation Report
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Posted
Originally published

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This report is produced by OCHA Somalia in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 31 May to 5 June 2017.

Highlights

 Localized average to above-average rainfall has been received in parts of northern and central regions of Somalia, resulting in improved pasture and water resources in these areas, according to the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWSNET) Seasonal Monitor for Somalia issued on 3 June.

 The ongoing measles outbreak continues to be of major concern, with over 1,400 measles cases reported since 2 June. The total number of suspected cases in 2017 is 9,813 cases.

 More than 14.7 million livestock have been treated against common diseases since March, benefiting 2.2 million people across all regions of Somalia, with the exception of Middle Juba, due to insecurity.

 Nutrition cluster partners have since January reached nearly 750,000 people. These include more than 350,000 acutely malnourished children (101,263 severely so) reached with life-saving treatment, and 398,000 women and children reached with nutrition preventive services.

 A cholera outbreak in Burao prison, Somaliland, left seven prisoners dead and affected over 120 people.

Some 265 cumulative deaths and 10,277 cumulative cases of AWD/cholera have been reported in Somaliland.

Toghdeer region is the worst affected and has reported 78 per cent (7,963 cases/208 deaths) of the total cases reported in Somaliland in 2017.

Situation Overview

Torrential rains and flash floods have been reported in different parts of the country. According to FEWSNET, as of 3 June, localized average to above-average rainfall has been received in parts of northern and central regions of Somalia, leading to slight improvement in pasture and water resources. While rainfall in late April and in May has led to seed germination, reduced yields are expected due to early season losses and erratic rainfall. Most parts of southern and central Somalia received little to no rainfall.

According to the food security and livelihood partners, livestock deaths and diseases have declined in Galgaduud region in May. Despite the onset of the Gu rains, partners report that it will take a while for assets and livelihoods to recover as most people have lost about 60 per cent of their livestock and livelihoods. Livestock body conditions also need time to fully recover.

Water availability is expected to increase in the coming days in all regions because of the rains. However, cases of AWD/cholera may spike. Health partners continued to receive alerts of AWD/cholera and measles outbreaks from new villages and districts across Somalia. Cholera alerts have this week been reported from Bakool, Galgadud, Gedo, Togdheer, and Middle Juba region. Effective verification of these alerts is a major challenge due to insecurity.

Since January 2017, some 9,813 suspected measles cases and 45,400 suspected AWD/cholera cases with 738 deaths (CFR–1.6%) have been recorded across Somalia.

Humanitarian access and effective provision of assistance to rural villages in Bay and Bakool remains a challenge due to insecurity. Access constraints, resulting from logistical and bureaucratic impediments have also been reported in some parts of Somalia. The Cash Working Group this week raised concern over the continued economic blockade, (since March) imposed by non-state armed actors in Wajiid (Bakool region) and Diinsor (Bay region) towns. The blockade is affecting supply routes and impacting the availability of key commodities in the markets in Diinsoor town and surrounding areas. The shortage in foodstuffs has resulted in increased prices in the affected areas. A number of security incidents impacting civilians have been reported in the two regions.

In Lower and Middle Shabelle, rains subsided in the past two weeks allowing easy access of commercial trucks along the supply corridors. However, Marka and Barowe districts are still experiencing torrential rains affecting the supply corridors from Mogadishu, and driving up prices of commodities. The Hirashabelle Administration withdrew all checkpoints mounted on the supply corridor linking Mogadishu and Afgooye. In central Somalia, commercial trucks are back on the road as the inter-clan conflict that had affected the supply corridor linking Guricel, and Belet Weyn has been resolved.

New drought-driven displacements were down by 70 per cent in May (46,000 people) compared to April. This has brought the total drought-driven displacements since November 2016 to more than 739,000 people according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). The decline in new displacements in May are on the one hand a result of current rains that have led some people to choose to remain in their homes, while on the other hand reports have been received of movements being restricted because of the poor condition of roads. During the month of May, PRMN also monitored the first significant returns of 7,700 displaced people primarily from IDP sites in Baidoa town to their homes in Baidoa district and elsewhere in Bay region. Disaggregated data from PRMN interviews at household level indicate that of the 739,000 total drought-displaced people, some 195,000 (26 per cent) are children under 5 years old – those most at risk from malnutrition and disease.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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