Somalia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM Round II), Camp/Site Assessment, July 2016

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1.1 Mobility

  • Out of 181 collective sites assessed in round 1, DTM round II assessed 119 sites. Round II focused on information on primary needs of IDPs, locations of origin and movement patterns.

  • 149,819 IDPs (54%) or 26,205 HH were identified out of 275,478 from collective IDP settlements in 7 districts (Afmadow, Balcad, Belet Weyne, Boroma, Jowhar and Kismayo).

  • 55 IDP collective sites were on community owned land; 47 settlements were on public owned land; 13 settlements were on privately owned land.

  • 93,721 from all sites were below the age of 17. 47,388 individuals were between 18 - 59 years, representing 31.6%.

  • Most IDP settlements (118) had a site management committee.

  • 119,106 (79.5%) of the IDP population were displaced from other districts within the region. 30,713 were IDPs from other regions. Balcad, Beletweyne, Boroma and Jowhar had the highest number of IDPs displaced within the respective regions. While Doolow and Kismayo had the highest number of IDPs displaced whose place of origin was outside their current region of residence

  • 79.5% of IDPs were willing to go back to their place of origin if security and livelihood/food situations improved. 19.5% intended to be integrated within the local community. In Kismayo, Afmadow and Belet Weyne, safety and security at their place of origin was the main reason preventing their return. In Borama and Doolow lack of livelihood opportunities was the main deterring factor.


Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is an information management tool developed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to gather baseline information on displaced populations, conditions in the areas in which they have temporary settled and monitor trends over time. DTM has been rolled out in over 27 countries, Somalia being the 28th country. Some of the 27 countries include Iraq, Syria, and South Sudan.

The second round of data collection for the DTM pilot project in Somalia was carried between 13th June and 27th June 2016 in five regions (Awdal, Hiraan, Middle Shabelle, Lower Juba and Gedo) in seven districts (Afmadow, Borama, Kismayo, Doolow, Balcad, Belet Weyne and Jowhar). Out of 181 settlements identified in round 1, round 2 captured data from 119 settlements covering a total of 149,819. The reasons for fewer sites being assessed in round 2 were because the sites selected had higher number of IDP per site and would therefore be more representative in identifying sectoral needs. However, the data and analysis presented is a representative sample, being 66% of those assessed in round 1) of the total number. Collective sites were defined as any site comprising a minimum of five IDP households that were identified in round 1.

The objective of the second round was to identify sectorial gaps to inform government, donors and partners working in Somalia’s IDP settlements. DTM is implemented by IOM Somalia in partnership with the Federal Government of Somalia and is made possible by the generous support of the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) and Government of Japan.

IOM is currently carrying out a flow monitoring and a rapid response assessment. Flow Monitoring is used to track movement of displaced and mobile populations at key points of origin, transit, or destination. Flow monitoring is ongoing in Belethawa, Doolow and El wark. The Rapid Response Assessment is an alert report used to collect the most essential data required for operation planning purposes. The rapid response is being carried out in the drought affected areas in Puntland. The reports capturing flow monitoring or population movement trends and the rapid response assessment will be shared once finalized.