Somalia: Appeal No. MAASO001 Programme Update No. 2

Situation Report
Originally published



The Federation's vision is to strive, through voluntary action, for a world of empowered communities, better able to address human suffering and crises with hope, respect for dignity and a concern for equity. Its mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: May to September, 2006.

This Programme Update revises the total Appeal budget from CHF 4,849,350 to CHF 7,067,092 (USD 5,855,089 or EUR 4,441,918).

Appeal coverage: 55.5%

Outstanding needs: CHF 3,141,654 (USD 2,602,862 or EUR 1,974,641).

Appeal 2006-2007:

Programme Update no. 1:

Programme summary: Since October 2005, the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) has opened a total of six new clinics - increasing the coverage in its integrated health care programme (IHCP) by 14% in a year - and a further two clinics are planned to be opened in 2007, in addition to new mobile outreach units. Over 200,000 clinical consultations have been carried out in 2006 by the SRCS facilities with Federation member support. This progressive scaling up of the SRCS's health response is contributing to the achievement of the Global Agenda and the Millennium Development Goals in remote areas of high vulnerability.

At the same time, it is being managed in an integrated manner coordinated with improvements in disaster management, volunteer management, community-based first aid (CBFA) and organizational development. Two regional level vulnerability and capacity assessments (VCA) exercises were carried out by the SRCS staff and volunteers during this reporting period, supported by increased investment in volunteer management. In the light of this progressive scaling up of activities, and of the strong financial support to the SRCS's programmes by partners this year, the 2007 appeal budget for Somalia has been revised upwards from CHF 2,427,538 to CHF 4,645,280.

The programmes herein are aligned with the Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Operational developments

This reporting period initially saw some consolidation of positions between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC). However, tension increased following an assassination attempt in September on the president, disrupting the efforts towards power sharing and dialogue between the factions. The UIC extended their area of control to Kismayo and other areas of Lower and Middle Juba. Progressive build-up of military assets by both sides, with both internal and external support, has led to conflict or potential conflict on four main fronts in south and central Somalia, with analysts expressing fears of escalation into a major regional conflict. Population movements across the southern border areas into neighbouring Kenya increased up to 800 new arrivals per day, with increased displacement anticipated in the coming months.

The deteriorating security and political environment has brought increasing challenges, particularly in terms of logistics, access, movement of personnel, monitoring and supervision. Despite these constraints, the SRCS has managed to continue and even expand its programme activity. Clear needs expressed by communities and partners have called for scaled up activities by the national society, supported by the increased capacity at branch and coordination office level. Financial support obtained through the Federation's multi-donor funding strategy has increased through 2006 and into 2007, and the appeal budgets have therefore been revised upwards.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Kenya (for Somalia): Dr. Ahmed M. Hassan, President, Somali Red Crescent Society, Nairobi; Email:; Phone +; Fax +

In Kenya: Ed Cooper, Federation Head of Somalia Delegation, Nairobi; Email:; Phone +; Fax +

In Kenya: Per Jensnaes, Federation Head of Eastern Africa Regional Delegation, Nairobi; Email:; Phone +; Fax +

In Geneva: Amna Al Ahmar, Federation Regional Officer for East Africa, Africa Dept.; Email:; Phone +41.22.730.44.27; Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering quality and accountable assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at