Somalia + 2 more

Situation Report Somalia Crisis 16 May 2007

Essential Information - SOMALIA:

Total Assessed Caseloads:

a) Total number of beneficiaries planned for 2007 across Somalia: 1,000,000 (including IDPs).

b) Total number of beneficiaries planned for 2007 in South/Central only: 800,000 (including 600,000 original beneficiaries, 150,000 recent IDPs & 50,000 contingency)

c) Number of IDPs as reported by UNHCR: 395,000

Total MT distributed:

a) since 1 January 2007 across Somalia: 28,171 MT to 808,000 beneficiaries (including IDPs)

b) since 1 January 2007 in south/central Somalia only: 24,639 MT to 695,000 beneficiaries (including IDPs)

c) since 27 April 2007 to IDPs: 1,173 MT to 114,000 IDPs. Number of IDPs planned for second round of distribution is 122,500 IDPs.

Staff in South/Central Somalia: 126 (117 National & 9 International)

In country Stocks as of 14 May 2007: 3,843 MT

Essential Information - KENYA:

Total Assessed Caseload (Dadaab Camp): 169,937 (167,253 registered refugees & 2,684 asylum seekers)

Total MT distributed since 1 January 2007: 13,269.5 MT

Staff on location: 21

In camp stocks as of 6 May 2007: 10,856.5 MT

Essential Information - ETHIOPIA:

Total Assessed Caseload: 52,360 Somali asylum seekers were initially reported in January by UNHCR's emergency response team. Out of this reported estimated influx, 1,526 individuals are registered by UNHCR.

Total MT distributed since 1st January 2007: 16.45 MT distributed to 1,526 refugees (633 new refugees in Kebribeyah, and 893 newly registered refugees in Hartisheik which is a temporary site)

Staff on location: Gode SO - 19 & Jijiga SO - 20

In country stocks as of 1 May (all operations): 79,093 MT


All WFP first round distributions to IDPs have been completed, 114,000 IDPs were assisted and the second round distributions are scheduled to begin on 16 May.

UN Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes travelled to Mogadishu on 12 May, his visit was reportedly cut short following series of explosions that rocked Mogadishu during the weekend.

The TFG on 8 May issued a directive that all people wishing to enter Somalia should apply for an entry visa through the Somali Embassy in Kenya effective May 16, 2007. Payment of arrival, transit and departure fees will continue to be charged. The Somalia UN Country Team will take up this issue with the appropriate authorities.

Two international staff of CARE International kidnapped on 9 May around Hafun town in the Semi-autonomous region of Puntland in northeast Somalia have reportedly been released, although CARE International has not yet confirmed this.

A vessel owned by Motaku company (MV Mariam Queen) hijacked on 9 May, near Mogadishu coast, has been used by WFP in the past, but not at the time of hijacking. The recent incident has however resulted in further reluctance on the part of Motaku Shipping Agency to send vessels into Somali waters.

First cycle of May general food distribution (GFD) to Somali refugees in Kenya completed in Dagahaley, Ifo and Hagadera camps. The second cycle of May GFD will start on the 15 May in all three camps.

The Kenya -Somalia border remains closed; however, 566 spontaneous arrivals have presented themselves in the last week, bringing the total number of new refugees at Dadaab camp since the border closure on 3 January to 4,018.

Temporary suspension of school feeding programme in Kenya Dadaab camp as a result of the rapid spread of cholera in the Dadaab camps with 11 cases reported in two days. WFP and partners seeking advice from Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) on recommended measures for schools to adopt to allow the programme to continue. A total of 73 cholera cases have now been recorded in Dadaab, in addition to 100 cases of measles.

A UNHCR Emergency Response Team composed of members from UNHCR Headquarters and UNHCR Ethiopia Country Office staff will on Wednesday 16 May start an assessment mission in Gode and Teferi Ber (Aw Barre). The team will also work on the establishment of a UNHCR Office in Gode within the UN compound.



WFP needs an additional US$10 million in contributions to cover the shortfall for 2007 that already existed and also to cover an additional caseload of 150,000 IDPs.

Heavy "Gu" rains (long rains) received in South Somalia and Ethiopian highlands during the week have begun to impede access. Some major roads in south and central Somalia have been rendered impassable.

The Country Directors of WFP and UNICEF held talks with the Mayor of Mogadishu, Mohamed Dheere, in Jowar on May 9. The mayor restated that the Transitional Federal Government would provide full cooperation and facilitation to aid agencies in Somalia.

FSAU has reported that the fighting in Mogadishu, in addition to causing massive displacement, has led to increases of between 30 and 70 percent in the cost of transport, water and basic food and non-food items over the past four weeks. The sharp increase is now compounding problems of loss of livelihood and income.

WFP/UNCAS has put in an appeal for approximately USD 3 Million to CERF for comprehensive air support for all agencies and NGOs including subsidized passenger flights, cargo flights, and re-habilitation of Wajid runway.

Air access has improved following a high-level meeting between the TFG and UN representatives last week, announcing unhindered air access across south-central Somalia. Also K50 airstrip is open again for both passengers and cargo.


WFP Operations continue as normal, except for the school feeding programme which has been temporarily suspended due to the spread of cholera in the camps and the recommendation by the Kenyan Director of Medical Services that all public eating places be closed. To date, 73 cholera cases have now been confirmed in Dadaab. Of these, 64 are recorded in Hagadera with 11 new cases over the course of the week. UNHCR is suspending the registration exercise in Hagadera because of the potential risk of staff contracting the disease. WFP and partners are seeking advice from the MoPH on recommended measures for schools to adopt to allow the school feeding programme to resume.

Measles cases have increased to 100 with 70 in Dadaab's Ifo camp.


Following the approval by UHCR Headquarters of UNHCR Ethiopia's request for funds for the assistance of Somali refugees, preparations to re-open Teferiber refugee camp have continued, under the coordination of UNHCR Ethiopia. The newly registered refugees in Kebribeyah camp (633) and in Hartisheik (893) will be transferred to Teferiber camp once it has been opened. Priority will be given to the refugees in Hartisheik, since this is a temporary site.

Somali refugees in Gode continue to be assisted through community based assistance (CBA).



The hijacking of vessels in Somalia waters is further affecting the availability of vessels for WFP operations in Somalia.

Roads flooded by seasonal rain continued to constitute a major obstacle to cargo movement inside Somalia.

Road passage fees are still being charged by all parties to the conflict including TFG, at checkpoints and roadblocks, resulting in delays and additional transport costs.


Nothing to report.


The government is reluctant to accept that Somali refugees are actually fleeing into Ethiopia (this seems especially to be the case for the refugees reported in Afder, Warder and Gode zones of Somali region).


WFP has successfully completed a capacity building workshop in Somaliland and Puntland for its cooperating partners from April 29 to May 8. The workshop amongst others dwelt extensively on WFP priorities for 2007, project proposal preparation, project implementation and management. Gender mainstreaming and reporting requirement from the partners were also discussed at length.

4.1 Target populations/beneficiaries


WFP has assisted a total of 114,000 of the total UNHCR estimated IDP figure of 395,000 and might need to reach up to 150,000 in the coming weeks. A second round distribution for the IDPs scheduled to start on 16 May, will target 122,500 IDPs. Other aid agencies like CARE and ICRC have also assisted some of the IDPs.


A total of 172, 621 beneficiaries (including people of concern - those awaiting full registration) were presented by UNHCR for feeding during the first cycle of May. For the second cycle beginning on 15 May, a total of 168,160 registered refugees have been presented, while UNHCR's list for people of concern has not yet been received.


In total 1,526 new Somali refugees are registered since December 2006 (633 in Kebribeyah refugee camp, 893 in Hartisheik). The total registered refugee population in Somali region (including the old caseload in Kebribeyah camp) is now 17,985.

While registration of Somali refugees by UNHCR and the Ethiopian Government has stopped in Hartishiek camp, about 30 additional families are being screened in Kebribeyah camp to determine whether they are genuine refugees or not.

For the asylum seekers in Gode, UNHCR has suggested a profiling as opposed to an individual screening. The government is still reluctant to acknowledge that there are new Somali arrivals in this region.

4.2 Assessments


A joint inter-agency assessment for the IDPs in Baidoa took place on 3 May; the team identified around 12,480 IDPs in urgent need for Shelter, NFIs, Food, Health, Sanitation and drinking Water.


No assessments have been undertaken.


An Emergency Response Team composed of members from UNHCR Headquarters and the UNHCR Ethiopia Country Offices will carry out an assessment mission in Gode and Teferi Ber. The members of the team from UNHCR Headquarters have started arriving in Ethiopia. All 10 mission members are expected to be in the Country by Wednesday, 16 May. About half of the mission members will proceed to Gode while the other half will go to Teferi Ber (Aw Barre). The team in Teferi Ber will assess rehabilitation of water wells, non-food items requirements, establishment of temporary reception centres, e.t.c., while the team travelling to Gode will work on the establishment of a UNHCR Office in Gode within the UN compound and try to collect information on the current status of refugees in the Gode area.

4.3 Food Distributions


Since the beginning of April, WFP has distributed 1,173 MT of food to some 114,000 IDPs in Merka, Qoryoley, Afgoye, Mogadishu and Brava.


The first cycle of May general food distribution was completed on the 5 May in Dagahaley and on 7 May in Hagadera and Ifo. Out of a total of 169,937 persons targeted for feeding, 168, 099 (98.9%) persons were fed with 1,677 no shows reported.

The food basket for both cycles of May contained culturally acceptable foods with a total of 2,129 Kcal per person per day planned for the second cycle.

School feeding is not taking place due to the order to close all public eating places by the Director of Medical Services. However, Selective feeding (SFP, TFP in-patient and HFP) continued as planned in all the three camps.


The 633 individuals that were registered in Kebribeyah refugee camp in December 2006 and February 2007 have in May received a monthly general food ration in addition to 3.5 kg each of fortified blended food. In total 13.32 MT has been provided to newly registered Somali refugees in Kebibeyah camp. Modalities for assistance of the newly registered 893 individuals in Hartisheik (before transfer to Teferiber) are still being worked out. In the meantime, a one-time distribution of fortified blended food has been provided to these refugees.

4.4 Monitoring


Routine monitoring of WFP activities in the field continue.


General food distribution monitoring was carried out during the week at all FDPs in the camps.


WFP is regularly monitoring the border areas with refugee influx from Somalia.

4.5 Pipelines and Food Supply


Because of the recent displacement from Mogadishu, the food need projection for 2007 has been revised upwards by 10,000 MT. Therefore WFP Somalia still needs an additional 12,500 MT or USD $ 10 million until the end of the year.


A healthy pipeline is assured through September for the current caseload, including a contingency for an additional 25,000 refugees. The pipeline contains culturally acceptable foods for Somalis who form the bulk of refugees in the Dadaab camps.


The pipeline of Ethiopia's refugee PRRO 10127.2 is covered up to September 2007. New contributions are required to replenish the IRA loan and to meet needs beyond August 2007.



A convoy carrying 1,176 MT of food for Afmadow and Hagar distribution was stuck in the mud for over three weeks, however given the road condition to Afmadow WFP has decided to divert the convoy to Buale.

The vessel MV Mary Ann Hudson completed the discharge of 16,900 MT of WFP maize at Dar Salaam port from where it will be moved into Somalia.

MV Victoria carrying 4000 MT of WFP food docked in the natural port of Merka, Somalia on 09 May. Discharge operation commenced on the same day. Tonnage discharged to date is about 1,741 MT.

Loading of MV Sea Prince with 2400 MT of cereals ex Djibouti for Berbera and Bosasso was completed and dispatched on 11 May.

A convoy of 8 trucks carrying 122 MT of beans which was dispatched ex Nairobi to Wajid via Mandera-Kenya on 03 May by SOMKAN transporter is on its way to Wajid.

An assessment of a potential extended delivery point (EDP) in Garbaharry (Gedo Region) has been carried out. WFP Logistics is now preparing Memorandum of Understating and RFOs for the construction and management of the EDP


In-camp stocks are adequate for the next three months for the current caseload.


Nothing new to report.



Food Aid Cluster meeting is planned for 24 May 2007.

Logistics Cluster activities continue. Key issues at present are advocacy for a Customs model agreement for Somalia (involving neighbouring countries' customs regimes), as well as advocacy with the TFG on the removal of internal 'taxes' on humanitarian cargo and the provision of security guarantees for humanitarian convoys.


The monthly interagency meetings, monthly food coordination meeting and the weekly security meetings went on as planned.

UNHCR hosted a visit by the Director of Medical Services during the week. The objective of the visit was to discuss the closure of Ifo hospital and review measures necessary for the control of cholera and measles.

MENTOR INITITIVE from Garissa also visited Dadaab and discussed initiatives to support GTZ and CARE on malaria control.


UNOCHA continues to have the main responsibility for the coordination of the UN country team's contingency planning process. A coordinated response to the influx of refugees in the Somali region is ongoing with UNHCR and the Ethiopian Governments Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA).


Peter Goossens, Country Director, WFP Somalia
Phone: +254-20-7202000

Burkard Oberle, Country Director, WFP Kenya
Phone: +254-20-6222043

Mohamed Diab, Country Director, WFP Ethiopia
Phone: +251-11-5515188