The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 13 of Security Council resolution 2102 (2013), in which the Council requested me to keep it informed of the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) every 90 days. The report covers major developments that occurred during the period from 16 February to 30 April 2014.
II. Political and security developments
A. Political situation
The political landscape in Somalia was dominated by state formation processes, with significant regional developments. While the priority of the Federal Government in 2014 is to advance the state formation process, in particular by establishing interim regional administrations, the process remained rife with challenges, primarily in Baidoa and the Juba Dhexe and Juba Hoose regions.
Tension between Puntland and “Somaliland” was also heightened on 15 April following the temporary occupation by the “Somaliland” military of Taleex in the disputed Sool region.
In Baidoa, the parliament of the self-declared six-region federal state, which would encompass the Bay, Bakool and Shabelle Hoose regions, in addition to the three regions administered by the Interim Juba Administration, elected a former Member of the Transitional Federal Parliament, Madobe Nunow Mohamed, as “President” of the “South-West State of Somalia” on 3 March. The rival three-region federal state initiative, led by the former Speaker of the Transitional Federal Parliament, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan, elected his half-brother, Mohamed Haji Abdinur, as “President” on 26 March. The President of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the Speaker of the Federal Parliament, Mohamed Sheikh Osman Jawaari, and some Cabinet ministers visited Baidoa from 30 March to 1 April to consult representatives of the two processes. The Federal Government publicly backs a three-region outcome, although not necessarily through the current three-region process. The Interim Juba Administration and the Government of Puntland have both issued statements supporting the three-region process.