Qardho - Mapping Exercise - May 2016
Bossaso is the capital city of Bari region in Puntland State of Somalia and the economic capital of Puntland. It has the main sea port and large business centers, providing livelihoods for many people from various parts of Somalia, including IDPs. It is been used as a transit point for mixed migratory movements coming from Southern and Central Somalia, and Ethiopia, who are enroute to Yemen and other Gulf States.
Shelter cluster partners estimates that approximately 2200 IDP households live in Qardho, with most requiring improvement in their shelter conditions in line with the Cluster objective of contributing towards the effective and equitable provision of emergency shelter assistance to the affected population by the shelter actors. The local municipality in Qardho has guaranteed IDPs access to permanent land, which will go a long way in ensuring that the IDPs are not displaced further due to land issues.
This fact-sheet presents an analysis of primary data collected by DRC, UNHCR, UNOCHA and NRC during the month of May 2016. The collection of data was closely supervised by the Shelter Cluster in Somalia.
The objective of the infrastructure mapping exercise is to provide a useful and timely ‘snapshot’ of the IDP1 settlements2 in Bari Qardho region, Qardho district and in the city of Qardho, with a main aim to map out the basic services that IDPs can access in their respective settlements. This factsheet does not aim to provide detailed programmatic information; rather it is designed to share with a broad audience a concise overview of the current situation in this area. In total, 939 gps points were taken during the exercise, of which facilities.
Settlements in Somalia generally are divided into numerous ‘umbrellas’. Each umbrella is made up of multiple IDP settlements. Umbrella leaders are responsible for the oversight and management of the settlements. Each of the settlements generally have an elected leader or ‘gatekeeper’ responsible for multiple IDP settlements and landowner engagement. Settlements in Somalia are often divided by natural land boundaries belonging to one or more landowner.
The report takes into account several key limitations in the collection of data:
Due to budget restrictions and the short timescale, general data on each settlement was collected through one or two key informant interviews (KII).3 78% of all KII were female.
Due to security restrictions and the capacity of field staff, the methodology used for average shelter density was limited to 0 casestudies and random sampling in the other settlements.
Data collected may reflect both IDP and host community needs.
Other approaches based on probability sampling, including cluster and area sampling4 , were considered but were not used due to budget restrictions and nonavailability of updated Satellite imagery.
Emphasis was given to collecting reliable GPS data for the perimeter, density and facility purposes, which resulted in less representative data at the household level.