Protection Cluster Update Weekly Report 13th January 2012
This update provides information on the protection environment in Somalia, including apparent violations of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law as reported during the last two weeks through the IASC Somalia Protection Cluster monitoring systems. Incidents mentioned in this report are not exhaustive. They are intended to highlight credible reports in order to inform and prompt programming and advocacy initiatives by the humanitarian community and national authorities.
During the past two weeks, various factors, including insecurity, lack of livelihood and a reduction in heavy rainfalls have resulted in numerous families who had recently fled the famine to Kenya and Ethiopia, returning to Somali border towns of Dhobley, Belet Hawo and Dollow.
Population Movement Tracking (PMT) data indicates that over 1,200 refugees returned from Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya due to ‘lack of livelihoods’, ‘delay in registration’, and security crackdowns by the Kenyan security forces in search of Al Shabaab infiltrators in the camps. According to PMT data, refugees returning from Ethiopia however, were generally returning in order to cultivate their land.