This note summarises the directives promulgated (either written or verbal) by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) aimed at mitigating the spread of COVID-19; and identifies the impact of the restrictions on the general population and humanitarian operations.
The FGS and the FMS continue to take necessary measures to mitigate the spread and impact of COVID -19 in Somalia. Since 16 March 2020, a total of 48 COVID-19 related directives/statements have been issued, either in writing or verbally.
The newest directive, issued on 30 April in South West State (SWS), suspends evictions in Baidoa town during the COVID-19period.The directive from SWSisthe firstapplication of the Moratorium onEvictions,which is aproposed nationwide policy promoted by the Protection Cluster1 , further complemented by advocacy by the Humanitarian Coordinator2 and the National Commission for Refugees and IDPs (NCRI) at both the national (FGS) and state (FMS) levels.
As of 2 May 2020, 46 out of the 48 directives are in place while two have been rescinded. Of the rescinded directives, one related to closure of mosques inPuntland and was rescinded on 26 March 2020, and the second was an amendment to the curfew start time in Mogadishu and was rescinded backto the original directive on25April 2020 following public protests. Twenty-five of the 46 directives relate to social distancing, closure of academic institutions and restriction of population movement. Five impose suspensions on international, domesticpassengerflights and restrict land transportation while seven relate to border closure. Sixdirectives impose night curfews,two direct tax exemption on basic food items and two relate to registration of burial activities and deceased persons.
General across all states
- Humanitarian partners reported a reduction in field activities and adaptation of humanitarian interventions in order to respect movement restrictions. Specific adaptations to nutrition activities such as Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) response activities from daily to bi-weekly basis, Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) activities changing to monthly instead of weekly to limit gatherings. To offset the reduction, mothers have been trained to monitor their children’s status by use of Middle Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) measurements in Puntland, Hirshabelle, South West State and Jubaland.
- Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubaland, South West State and Puntland have reported increases in prices of basic commodities in markets due to COVID-19 restrictions.
- The reduction in business activities and closure of markets, hotels and restaurants continues to impact dailywage workers, casual labourers and low-income people. Imports and exports have been negatively affected.
- The majority of UNand NGOinternational staffarein alternate working arrangementsoutsidethe country, while national stafffromtheUNand partners areworking ina restrictiveenvironment, thusreducing the humanitarian footprint.
- The Education Cluster estimates that 1 million school children are out of the physical classroom due to closure of schools. However, some states have reported alternative learning through different meanssuch asradio,TV and internet.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.