Somalia + 9 more

Nutrition information in crisis situations - Report number 13



Somalia-Hundreds of thousands of displaced face dire conditions- Fighting between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), backed by the Ethiopian troops, and anti-TFG factions increased in Mogadishu in March and April, and was reported to be the worst wave of violence in the city for 16 years. An estimated 395,000 people, representing about one third of the town's population, have fled the city and concentrated mostly in Shabelle, Galgadud, Hiran, Mudug and Bay regions. In addition, another 30-40% of the population of Mogadishu is estimated to be displaced within the city. As of the end of April, the situation had calmed down in Mogadishu with the TFG reporting to control most of the city, and displacements out of the city had slowed dramatically.

The humanitarian situation of the displaced was reported dire with a lack of shelter, clean water, safe sanitation, health care, medicine and food (FSAU, 30/04/07). Host populations were also affected by the massive influx of the displaced. As of the beginning of May, humanitarian aid had reached about 250,000 people, with 181,400 having received non-food items and 100,000 food aid .

Central African Republic-Humanitarian aid reaches the IDPs- An upsurge in violence in the north of the country in 2006 has led to the displacement of thousands of people, especially in the north-west. As of February 2007, the number of displaced was estimated at around 212,000 people. The humanitarian presence has increased in the area over the past few months, but access has remained uncertain.

The conflict has had several consequences on the livelihoods of the population, such as the loss of food stocks and productive assets; reduction in crop production; drastic reduction of cotton production; reduced commercial flow and access to market; and an increase in prices of basic products.

Despite this degradation in food security and livelihood, the situation was not considered catastrophic as of March 2007 in Ouham Pende, Ouham and Nana-Grimbizi provinces.

However, it has been estimated that 190,000 displaced people and 32,000 non-displaced people were in a state of acute food insecurity in the north and were in need of food distribution, especially during the forthcoming hunger gap.

In addition to the displaced population within the Central African Republic, 50,000 people have fled to Chad and 25,000 have sought refuge along the border in Cameroon. The latter are mostly nomadic cattle breeders who, according to assessment missions, live in destitute conditions and have received little international help so far. The most pressing priorities are food, health care, and water and sanitation projects.

Nepal-Increasing concerns - According to a WFP assessment conducted in November/December 2006, 197,905 people were experiencing an acute food and livelihood crisis and another 215,463 were facing a deteriorating food security situation, due to drought and other adverse weather conditions. All the households were worse off compared to the same season last year with 63% of them experiencing a food shortage. The poorer the families were, the higher the decrease in income and access to food was.

In the camps, where about 100,000 Bhutanese refugees are sheltered, a nutrition survey conducted in January 2007 showed an acceptable level of acute malnutrition. However, stunting was significant as well as anaemia.

Occupied Palestinian Territories- Food security still precarious-A food security analysis concluded that 34% of the population of West Bank and the Gaza Strip was considered food secure in 2006, while 20% was marginally food secure, 12% was vulnerable to becoming food insecure and 34% was food insecure. Although not directly comparable with the FAO/WFP food security assessment in 2003, which used a different methodology, the findings were similar.

The results of the Palestinian Family Health Survey conducted at the end of 2006/beginning of 2007 showed that the level of wasting has remained under control. Compared with the same type of surveys conducted in 2000 and 2004, it seemed that stunting showed a slight increase especially in the Gaza Strip. However, it is difficult to know the significance of this increase.