Monthly Food Security Report for Somalia Sep 2003


Unseasonal rains in Northern Somalia miss the Sool Plateau: Field reports and data from remote sensing sources show that the rains reported to have recently fallen in northern Somalia ('Karin') affected the Golis Mountains (Erigavo) and the northern extreme of the Gebi or Upper Dharoor Valley. They did not affect the drought-affected areas identified on the Sool Plateau and in most of the Upper Dharoor, which continue to be highly food-insecure and where the crisis highlighted in May, June and July is worsening. See page 2 for more details.

Climate Outlook Forum: The Twelfth Climate Outlook Forum convened in Nairobi between 25-27 August and has issued its rainfall forecast for the September-December season throughout the Greater Horn of Africa. The Forum forecasts that most of Somalia is likely to receive slightly below-normal to normal rainfall during this period, while the areas of Galgadud, Hiran and Togdher along the Ethiopian border are likely to receive above-normal rainfall.

FSAU 2003 Gu Analysis: A FSAU workshop is currently underway in Hargeisa (8-15 September) to analyse the Gu 2003 field assessment findings. On September 16, FSAU will hold a meeting with partners in Hargeisa to reach consensus on these findings. The final Results of the 'Gu 2003 Assessment and Food Security Forecast to Gu 2004' will be presented on October 8 at the SACB FSRDC in Nairobi.

Food Aid Distribution

During August, CARE dispatched a total of 360 MT to be distributed as food for work. (240 MT/Hiran, 60 MT/Bakol, 60 MT/Middle Sha-belle) Bay region has been inaccessible but distributions are expected to take place in September. In Gedo region, CARE distributed the following in the form of free food distributions : 1,248 MT of sorghum of which 420 MT were distributed in Bulo Hawa, 424 MT in Luuq, 183 MT in Dolow and 221 MT in El Waq districts. 124 MT of split peas of which 18 MT were distributed in Dolow, 42 MT in Bulo Hawa, 42 MT in Luuq and 22 MT in EL Waq districts. A total of 23 MT of vegetable oil, of which 4 MT were distributed in El Waq, 3 MT in Dolow, 8 MT in Bulo Hawa and 8 MT in Luuq districts. This reached an estimated 24,966 beneficiaries. For further information on CARE's food aid operations please contact

Highlights from the FSAU 'Nutrition Update'

In Middle Juba, humanitarian organizations have highlighted the problem of severe acute malnutrition in a number of riverine villages. The problem was also reported for a short period last year and seems closely related to the limited variety of diet, particularly in the period before the main harvest. MSF Holland has established a therapeutic feeding centre to assist in reducing the problem. MSF Holland is also attempting to reach villages close to Buale, to investigate the extent of the problem, but so far Buale remains inaccessible due to insecurity.

UNICEF in collaboration with FSAU and the Ministry of Health carried out a repeat nutrition survey among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Bossaso in July. Preliminary results indicate a persistently high malnutrition rate of 16.2% (Weight for Height <-2 z-scores or oedema) for global acute malnutrition and 3.2% (Weight for Height <-3 z-scores or oedema) for severe acute malnutrition. A previous survey in June 2002 also showed a high global acute malnutrition rate of 18.7% (Weight for Height <-2 z-scores or oedema) and a severe malnutrition rate of 7.5% (Weight for Height <-3 z-scores or oedema).

In Belet Weyne, preliminary results of a nutrition survey indicate a global acute malnutri- tion rate of 17.1% using W/H < -2 Z score or oedema compared to 21% in 2002. Severe acute malnutrition reached 2.3% (W/H <-3 Z score or Oedema) compared to 2.7% last year. The difference in malnutrition rates between surveys undertaken this year and in previous years is not statistically significant. In late August, FSAU produced its first Somali language edition of the 'Nutrition Update'. For a copy of this Somali language report and further information related to nutrition, see the FSAU monthly publication 'Nutrition Update' or contact

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