The International Organization for Migration (IOM)continues to be actively involved in anumber of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula. This report aims atproviding an overview ofthe trends observed in thefirst halfof 2018 in theregion, across Ethiopia,Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen.
Region: 444,490 migration movements were observed between January and June 2018 through the network of around forty two (42) flow monitoring points (FMPs) - in Ethiopia (9), Djibouti (14), Somalia (12), and Yemen (7)1 . 45 per cent of the movements observed were towards the Horn of Africa, and 42 per cent on the Eastern route, including Yemen and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries. Minor percentages corresponding to 7 per cent and 5 per cent of movements were recorded along the Southern and the Northern routes respectively.
On the Eastern route, most of the flows (91%) are driven by economic reasons, and the migrant population is mostly made of young men looking for jobs. Similar to the Eastern route, the Northern route is, to a great extent, also taken for economic purposes (64%). Furthermore, IOM observed the highest proportion of women on this route. Children regionally made up for 23 per cent of the migration flows (4.7% under the age of 5 years), with an even divide between boys and girls. Conversely, male adults (51%) outnumbered female adults (26%) by a factor of two. In addition, a total of 8,400 (1.99%) unaccompanied children were also tracked during this time -the majority in Djibouti (44.5%), followed by Somalia (35.8%), Yemen (10.3%), and Ethiopia (9.4%). While the Eastern route accounts for only 11 per cent of the vulnerabilities, the type of vulnerability identified is alarming, with 58 per cent of the overall unaccompanied children taking this route. 1 out of 3 respondents or 32 per cent has been displaced previously, and almost half of the respondents (43%) has attempted to migrate in the past.