Somalia

Livelihood Baseline Profile - Sool Plateu Pastoral (Goat, Sheep and Camel), Jul/Aug 2011

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Livelihood Zone Description

• Sool Plateau livelihood zone occupies 46,830.32 km2, and covers central/ southeastern Sanaag, north-eastern part of Sool, south of Bari and a small section of northern Nugal regions.

• The population is estimated at 121,487 people.

• The climate is arid and highly variable. Rainfall ranges from 100-200 mm annually.

• The livelihood experiences Gu (April-June); Deyr (October-December); Jilaal (December-March) and Hagaa (June-September) seasons.

• Most water sources (Berkads, water catchment and few boreholes) are owned communally. Privately owned berkads cushions seasonal waterstress and provide additional cash income sources.

• Sool Plateau livelihood zone is rich in diverse vegetation types, making it suitable for pastoral activities. However, intense livestock grazing and charcoal burning exerts pressure on these natural resources, causing loss of critical ecological functions/environmental services, thus threatening the sustainability of pastoral system.

• Shoats are the most preferred followed by camel. Camel holdings and pack animals declined drastically during Kartoomaleey drought (2001-2004).