Joint Rapid Needs Assessment Report on Flood Displaced Population in Balcad - June 2016


1. Introduction

Polish Humanitarian Action in collaboration with other humanitarian actors from Middle Shabelle - WOCCA, Aid Vision and SHARDO conducted an initial rapid need assessment at villages in Balcad district recently affected by floods; to understand flood impact, assess the existing affected communities’ capacity and give recommendation on the immediate humanitarian response aimed to support communities needs and to avert further loss of communal assets and lives.

2. Executive summary

Seasonal floods which hits riverine areas in Middle Shabelle triggers large scale humanitarian crisis twice every year, low lying areas in the region considerably riverine villages remain vulnerable to flash floods.

The recent ‘Gu’ rains resulted river Shabelle to burst its banks due to shallow depth of the river and the fact that the embankments remain with the same height limiting its capacity to hold excess water causing both over flow and breakage at several points submerging entire villages and farmlands in its path.

Several villages between Balcad and Jowhar districts are among settlements recently affected by flood caused by breakage at Bey-xawo village near Jowhar town, causing displacement of hundreds of people most of them farmers and fishing communities who lost hectares of farmlands and farm products in granaries reserved for future consumption and for sale leaving affected families with no alternative means of livelihood.

Hit by the floods late at night most families were caught off-guard hence not prepared for response and as a result people lost their shelters and households assets washed away forcing population to seek refuge in areas of higher grounds but left behind their shelters inundated by water, households’ belongings washed away, farm products and crops destroyed leaving hundreds of families without shelter hence forced to sleep on bare ground surrounded by stagnant and contaminated water which could soon trigger WASH related diseases.