Joint initial assessment - Galgala displaced people in Bari and Sanaag regions, 08 March 2015


General context

In August, 2010, Galgala military operations campaign took place periodically from August 2010 until 3rd October 2014 and the government aimed at re-gaining control of the Galgala hills which had fallen in hands of Al shabaab. Since beginning of August, 2010 to October 2014, an estimated 1950 HH (11700 persons) have moved into El-Dahir, Awsane, El Lahelay, Af-Urur, Bossaso, Kalabayr, Buraan and Dhahar following the military operation . Those fleeing to the above locations cited threats from Al Shabaab as main reason for moving. An unknown number of Households fled to other villages from areas of displacement in mainly Bari and Sanaag regions. The main reason of this displacement according to interviewed families and Key informants are insecurity and government imposed supply restrictions including food, medicine and other important items to cut supply line of the Al shabaab in the areas.

The Conflict had also affected the humanitarian delivery and accessibility in the areas. The displaced people lost their livelihood sources and accessibility for the inhabitants in the areas. About 1950 households fled but around 1657 HHs settled in the areas assessed that include pastoralist, agro pastoralist, villagers, Farmers, honey collectors, cow herders, and frankincense collectors fled from these areas in 2010 and between 2014. Largest displacements occurred four times in August 2010, June 2011 and February 2012 and October 2014 up to now. Among villages that experienced large population displacement included Galgala, Maraja , Balidacar, Hamur, Hadhweyn , Bali-khaddar and Madarshoon most of these families constructed Shelter in El-dahir, El Lahelay, Awsane, Af urur, Buraan ,Bossaso, Dhahar and other nearby cities and villages.

The Initial Investigation assessment was conducted jointly by; WFP, UNHCR, NRC, IOM, SCI, ASAL, HADO, ACDC,OTP, DRC, CARE, SEDO, TASS AND OCHA in collaboration the local authorities in the region, traditional leaders and HADMA focal point in Sanaag region, following the appeal raised by Puntland president, with especial emphases on acute water scarcity, Shelter/NFI and Food and livelihood.

Though the assessment was initial investigation and not an exhaustive but the overall situation was felt punitive, communities reported that there are about 1657 HHs of displaced people including old and new arrivals (390 HHs in Buraan, Eldahir 489, El lahelay and Awsane 278 HHs and in Dhahar 500 HHs, who fled in August 2010 and October 2014. In addition there are some areas which are not accessible such as Af-Urur and Kalabayr in Al madow mountains which we cannot verify the number of HHs living in these areas. Majority of them depend on their families and some live out skirt of those towns visited. Both new and old arrivals have limited access to basic needs; they have lost their income sources with no shelter, health, nutrition, education and with limited clean water. No humanitarian assistances been reported in any of the villages, people get their income through barrowing and followed by livestock in Buraan and gifts from relatives in Dhahar and Bossaso.