The humanitarian crisis in Somalia, characterized by both natural and man-made factors, is one of the most complex and longstanding emergencies in the world.
Somalia is currently facing Locust crisis, whilst simultaneously entered the Gu rainy season, with many areas recording more than twice their average rainfall, causing floods across Somalia which affected a million people and displaced over 400,000 people. The floods in 2020 have affected more people than compared to the 2018 and 2019 Gu floods. With 2.6 million displaced persons, COVID-19 poses an additional challenge in already fragile context where it may further hinder access to basic services, leaving the population highly vulnerable.
As a key source, transit and, to some extent, destination country for migratory flows, Somalia continues to have an influx of migrants from neighboring countries through irregular migration routes, especially from Ethiopia. Hundreds of migrants are stranded in Bossaso as a result of border and sea-crossing closures brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. IOM data show that migration in the Eastern route is still taking place despite the new border restrictions in the region. While more people continue to arrive in Bossaso, higher number of Ethiopian migrants are stranded in the city. IOM estimates that nearly 400 migrants are currently hosted by members of the Ethiopian community living in informal settlements around the city. Recognizing that mobility is a determinant of health and risk exposure, there is a need to urgently adopt innovative, systematic, multisectoral and inclusive responses to mitigate, prepare for and respond to COVID-19 amongst the migrant population.
The number of COVID-19 cases in Somalia is increasing rapidly. As of 1 June, Somalia has confirmed 2,023 COVID-19 cases in the country, 79 reported fatalities and 361 recovered cases. Banadir region, which includes Mogadishu, reports the highest numbers - 1,177 cases with 53 deaths and 294 recoveries. As of 31 May - 10.1 million people have been reached through risk communications and community engagement in Somalia.
- International Organization for Migration
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