Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, May 2014 | Issued on 7 July 2014
• The food security situation is projected to deteriorate in Somalia between July and December, according to food security experts.
• Battling disease outbreaks remain a top priority for health partners, who report three confirmed cholera cases in Mogadishu.
• Raising critical funds for life-saving activities is paramount given the current combination of delayed and below average rains, rising food prices and continued conflict.
No. of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 857,000
No. of people in stress 2m
No. of acutely malnourished children under age 5 203,000
Source: www.fsnau.org (January-June 2014 projection)
No. of internally displaced peopl 1.1m
No. of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen 1m
Source: UNHCR Consolidated Appeal
933 million requested for 2014 (US$)
25% (232 million) (reported as of 25 June 2014)
Below average harvest expected
Worsening food security conditions as lean season deepens
The food security situation is likely to deteriorate in Somalia in the main post-harvest period from July to December, according to a recent report from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit, managed by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Early warnings in May indicated that the combination of late and erratic seasonal rains, rising food prices resulting from the trade embargo in southern and central Somalia, and insecurity in key food producing areas, were impacting the upcoming harvest. Despite the resumption of rains since early May, which helped alleviate moisture stress on planted crops in agriculture dependent areas and replenished water and pasture in pastoral areas, food security experts warn that a below average harvest is expected in July and August, and that the food security might further deteriorate as the lean season progresses and the conflict continues to disrupt access to markets.
Main areas of concern:
Bakool (agro-pastoral and urban areas); Gedo (parts of agro-pastoral livelihoods); Hiraan (agropastoral, riverine and urban areas); parts of Lower Shabelle region; cowpea belt of central Somalia. Acute food security is likely to persist in the Middle Shabelle and Middle Juba, the coastal areas of central Somalia, and the areas affected by the 2013 tropical storm. Source: FSNAU
For more information see: Food security and nutrition quarterly brief at http://bit.ly/VqpOaZ
Main supply roads remain blocked disrupting flow of goods
In addition to the concerns over the delay of the main agricultural season and its impact, areas of central and southern regions remain restricted in terms of humanitarian access.
In the wake of the military offensive, major supply routes remain blocked, including for commercial goods. Checkpoints have cropped up on some routes. Prices of basic food commodities have increased sharply, with commodities such as fuel (for transport and irrigation purposes) recording increases of between 60 and up to 300 per cent in some areas in less than one month, according to food security partners. Aid agencies continue to organize rapid assessments in areas regained by the Federal Government of Somalia to determine urgent humanitarian needs. However, insecurity and logistical constraints hamper the operation, underlining the need for the main supply roads to be reopened.
Despite the difficult operating environment, the Food Security Cluster and its members reached almost 850,000 people in Somalia in May through different activities, including improving households’ access to food, safety net and investing in livelihood assets.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.