Somalia

Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, March 2018

Attachments

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Priority areas for humanitarian response.

  • Humanitarians boost response to contain disease outbreaks.

  • IDPs living in fear of eviction

  • International community pledges humanitarian aid for Somalia.

Priority areas for humanitarian response

Humanitarian situation deteriorates as drought worsens.

The State-by-state drought analysis released by OCHA in February, shows that drought continued to contribute to the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the first quarter of 2018. Most areas have experienced at least four successive seasons of below normal rainfall, resulting in water shortages, loss of livestock and crop failure, and leading to widespread acute food insecurity. Download the State-by-state analysis here: https://tinyurl.com/ycgkae4b This analysis identifies the priority areas for response and provides an overview of the operational presence of humanitarian partners across the country. It notes that areas such as Awdal, Bari, Sanag, Nugal, Sool and Woqooyi Galbeed have experienced four consecutive seasons of below normal rains.

Consequently, of the one million people in the priority areas, more than half are in Emergency (IPC 4). Urgent nutrition support is required as most of these places have critical levels of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) of 15 per cent or higher. Some areas in Galgaduud and Mudug have seen massive displacement of pastoralists to urban and periurban areas in search of assistance due to the loss of their livestock. Over half of the population of Galmudug is in need of aid. By the end of 2017, the Gaalkacyo IDP population had the highest malnutrition rates in the country of 21.9 per cent.

A high concentration of extremely vulnerable displaced persons has made the Banadir region one of the priority areas for humanitarians. It hosts more than 700,000 IDPs. Nearly 270,000 displaced people face acute food insecurity (IPC 3 and 4), while most of the IDPs in Mogadishu face critical levels of acute malnutrition (16.1 per cent GAM prevalence).

About 154,000 IDPs were forcefully evicted in Mogadishu in 2017.

Baidoa, in Bay region, continues to be one of the areas requiring urgent and sustained humanitarian response. Displaced people continue to arrive, fleeing drought and armed hostilities. In February alone, 12,600 people arrived in Baidoa and the number is expected to grow, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN).

Malnutrition among the IDPs is at critical levels of 15.1 per cent GAM prevalence. Loss of assets and livelihood opportunities have severely exacerbated their vulnerability, and made them largely dependent on aid. Without assistance, they risk sliding into further crisis, undermining the prospects for reintegration and long term recovery

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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