Horn of Africa: Humanitarian Impacts of Drought – Issue 6 (16 June 2017)
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
Ethiopia: In May, rainfall levels in excess of 125% of the long-term average were recorded in northern and eastern Ethiopia. Less than 75% of the long-term average rainfall was observed around southern Ethiopia, while below normal rainfall distribution was observed over SNNPR. Rainfall forecasts indicate that rainfall is likely to continue during the first dekad of June over much of western and central Ethiopia.
Kenya: Poorly distributed, erratic and depressed rainfall was recorded over most of Kenya except for coastal areas where enhanced rainfall exceeding 125% of the long-term mean for May. Most parts of the country are expected to remain generally dry in June, except for western and coastal areas which will continue to receive significant amounts of rainfall.
Somalia: According to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network, an estimated 738,600 people have been displaced by drought between November 2016 and May 2017. Of these, nearly 46,000 were displaced in May, a significant decrease in new drought-related displacements compared to previous months. The majority of the newly displaced are from Sanaag (12,570), Lower Shabelle (7,200), Bakool (6,680), Bay (6,250), Sool (3,860) and Nugal (3,100). Baidoa (160,700) and Mogadishu (160,460) host 42% of these displaced people. Reports indicate that people are opting to remain in their areas of origin to cultivate their farms and that the rains have made some roads impassable.
In Ethiopia, there are 843,367 internally displaced people, more than half of them in the Somali region. In 2017, 220,000 people have been displaced by drought.
Gambella town experienced flash floods due to heavy rains in mid-May and 2,395 people were displaced.
Kenya: 39,000 people remain displaced due to conflict over resources, insecurity and drought.
Somalia is experiencing its largest outbreak of cholera in five years, with 48,607 cases and 763 deaths reported in 48 districts since January. Over 1,400 measles cases have been reported since early June. There have been 9,813 suspected measles cases in 2017.
In Ethiopia, 35,665 Acute Watery Diarrhoea cases and 780 deaths (CFR 2.2%) have been reported in six regions since January. The Somali region accounts for more than 91% of cases and 96% of deaths but the AWD situation has improved with an 88% decrease in cases from early April to end May. Across the country 1,981 suspected measles cases (961 confirmed) have been reported, with Oromia (32%) and Amhara (29%) the most affected regions.
In Kenya, 303 suspected cases of cholera and three deaths have been reported since January. In Mombasa and Wajir counties, 832 cases of dengue fever (including one death) have been reported, with Mombasa being most affected. Other outbreaks reported inlcude 111 cases of kala azar with four related death in Marsabit and Wajir counties and 14 cases of measles in Dadaab refugee camp.