Somalia + 2 more

Horn of Africa Drought Response Issue No. 05 (6 November 2017)

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Key Statistics

  • 22.9 million People affected by drought in the region

  • 15 million People facing crisis and emergency food Insecurity

  • 1.8 million People in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions

  • $1,612,000 million Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap

CONTEXT UPDATE

• According to FEWSNET, moisture deficits have grown in the larger part of the Horn of Africa due to poor rainfall since late September. Over central and southern Somalia, a dry weather pattern is forecast, which could worsen conditions on the ground.1

• Over 15 million people in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are facing dangerous food shortages due to a prolonged drought that has decimated crops and livestock with a prediction of the number increasing towards 2018.

Ethiopia’s latest Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) indicates 8.5 million people need relief assistance to meet basic food needs. IPC figures in Kenya documents 3.4 million in need of urgent assistance, while FSNAU report released in August shows in Somalia 6.2 million need humanitarian assistance.

• Average rainfall has been experienced in certain parts of Ethiopia and the government has further developed a “National Integrated Food-Cash Relief Plan” to streamline the ongoing humanitarian response in line with the new approach to food/cash relief assistance. However, UNOCHA estimates at least the first six months of 2018 will remain critical for pastoralist households trying to recover from consecutive weather shocks in southern and South Eastern regions in Ethiopia.

• The ethnic clashes between the Oromos and Somalis is reported to have resulted in killings of over hundreds of Oromos and left close to 225,000 displaced in the last few months. The Government and humanitarian partners have jointly conducted several verification assessments in areas affected by this conflict to gauge the scale of the emergency and scope of humanitarian needs in pursuit of multi-purpose, unconditional cash-based assistance for the conflict-displaced population in Oromia and Somali regions.

• In their efforts to support cross border initiatives and peace, The UN Country teams of Ethiopia and Kenya have committed to support both governments in the implementation of the joint Cross-Border Integrated Program for Sustainable Peace and Socio-economic Transformation: Marsabit County, Kenya, and Borana and Dawa zones, Ethiopia.

• In the just concluded fresh elections, Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) announced the incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta as the winner having garnered 98.2% of the vote despite widespread boycott by the main opposition and resulted into filing of petitions challenging his win. This move may further delay the efforts of the Kenya government to fast and actively respond to the ongoing drought situation.

• In Somalia, Deyr rains have now been received in Sool and Toghdeer regions, but not in Sanaag region. This is providing some relief to drought conditions in two of Oxfam’s regions of intervention, and rains are still likely in Sanaag in the coming month. However, due to the significant livestock loss during the last three years of recurrent drought, this is not enough to enable households to re-establish their pastoralist livelihoods. The risk of AWD/Cholera is also elevated during this current Deyr rainy season, especially in poorer urban areas of Burao and other larger towns.