Horn of Africa Drought Response Issue No. 03 (4th September 2017)
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
15 Million people are facing Crisis and Emergency Food Insecurity
15 million people won’t have access to safe drinking water in 2017
84,575 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 million people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$1.6 Billion Oxfam Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
• Drought and conflict have now displaced 3.7 million people in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya: 2.3 million of whom are internally displaced persons (IDPs), and 1.4 million refugees. Across the region, rainfall performance remains belowaverage, and conditions in most drought-affected areas are expected to deteriorate in coming months.
• More than 3.4 million people need food assistance in Kenya with the number of severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3 and 4) rising from 2.2 million to 2.6 million. In the pastoral areas, food insecurity is projected to increase as livelihood resources continue to deteriorate through at least mid-October. Food prices continue to rise, and decreasing income is likely further reduce food access and consumption at the household level. In addition, severe water shortages have impacted thousands across the drought affected counties including Wajir and Turkana. Food insecurity is expected to peak in September, October with additional areas in Wajir moving into Crisis (IPC Phase 3), while households in Turkana (Turkana East, Turkana South and Turkana North) are likely to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. The worsening drought situation, is further compounded by funding shortfalls in Kenya. Again, the recent national elections have negatively impacted delivery of humanitarian assistance in the drought affected counties. In Wajir the government has stopped vital water delivery to over 150 villages due to budgets not being released to the water department. With the court decision to have a re-run of the elections in Kenya it is likely that critical assistance will continue to be affected. The ongoing nurses’ strike has continued to impact the health and nutrition sector which is coupled by a national cholera outbreak that is currently active in 8 counties. Over 800 cases of AWD/cholera and 30 deaths were reported from Nairobi. The rainfall outlook for the next three months indicates further stress to livelihoods as the dry season unfolds.
• In Ethiopia, Somali region remains worst-affected, with Emergency (IPC Phase 4) level being widespread. Ethiopia Multi agency assessment identified 8.5 million people in need of emergency food assistance during the second half of the year (August- December 2017)1. In Somali region 1.7 million people continue to be at risk of food insecurity.
10.5 million don’t have regular access to water, and over 1.02 million have been internally displayed. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) admission rates have been highest in June 2017 with 11 % increase from the beginning of the year similarly nutrition support need increased by 44% in Somali region. Somali region’s SAM admissions account for 25 per cent of the national SAM caseload in country. In Ethiopia, 37,989 AWD cases were reported across the country till August 2017, and 90 per cent AWD cases are in Somali region, mostly in Doolo, Jarar and Korahey zones.
• In Somalia, the situation remains as indicated in the 2017 Post Gu Assessment, with the risk of famine persisting in areas of Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Pastoral areas which are expected to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity until January 2018. 25 per cent of the population (3.1 million people) are expected to be in crisis (IPC 3) or emergency (IPC 4). In Somalia, severe drought is expected to continue until the start of the next rainy season in October 2017. Deyr rains (Oct-Dec) expected to be average to below average and northern part of Somalia likely to have lower than average rainfall. Food security situation remains poor, beneficiaries are still reliant on cash transfers from humanitarian agencies, however, funding shortfalls in Somaliland will impact the ability of agencies to continue critical assistance beyond October. Whilst, AWD/Cholera cases are reducing, with increasing vulnerability of communities and poor nutrition intake re-occurrence of AWD outbreaks is very likely. Levels of acute food insecurity continues throughout the rest of the year.