Horn of Africa Drought Response Issue No. 02 (31 July 2017)
22.9 Million people affected by drought in the region
13.6 Million people are facing Crisis and Emergency Food Insecurity
15 million people won’t have access to safe drinking water in 2017
84,575 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/Cholera have been reported in 2017 – with 1,546 associated deaths
1.8 million people in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have been displaced by drought conditions
$16,419,841 Oxfam Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap
According to the latest FEWSNET report an elevated risk of famine continues in Somalia. In Ethiopia a looming break in the food pipeline, coupled with excess mortality among children already reported in the worst-affected areas could begin to push some households in the Somali region into IPC Level 5 if they don’t receive food urgently. In Kenya people in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the drought is forecasted to increase to 3- 3.5 million by August.
In Ethiopia, malnutrition rates are currently high with 7.9 million beneficiaries supported by Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme expected to receive their last transfer for the year at the end of July 2017. In Kenya, nutrition surveys undertaken in June 2017 in Turkana indicate a deepening nutritional crisis, with acute malnutrition of greater than 30 per cent and severe acute malnutrition ranging from 6-12%. 8 out of 10 women in Turkana are malnourished.
Malnutrition, especially the prevalence of severe acute malnutrition has worsened in the region.
In Somalia the number of children projected to be acutely malnourished has increased by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 275,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2017.
Diseases such as Cholera/Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD), which are exacerbated by reduced access to water and sanitation, are continuing to increase and remain a serious concern. In Somalia, there have been 53,015 cases of cholera/AWD and 795 deaths since the beginning of 2017. In Ethiopia there have been 38,230 cases of AWD, 780 deaths (as of 30th June), and in Kenya there are 581 reported cases of cholera. Healthcare facilities in the region are overstretched by multiple disease outbreaks including measles and malaria.
In Kenya, the drought is aggravating conflicts over land use and access to resources in Laikipia and Samburu counties, leading to dozens of deaths. A security operation has so far failed to quell the unrest. With the drought continuing to bite, these conflicts may increase with herdsmen driving their cattle on to the farms of agriculturalists, or entering large ranches and conservancies, and more clashes between herders from different communities as they jostle for grazing rights at watering points and areas rich in pasture. These clashes could lead to further displacement of people and loss of livestock.
Food insecurity and lack of access to humanitarian assistance is exposing vulnerable groups such as women, children and female-headed households to a range of protection risks, gender based violence (GBV), rape and sexual exploitation. In Somalia, UNICEF reports that the number of reported rape cases have tripled, with 909 reported cases in June alone. A recent Oxfam protection assessment in Kenya, in the counties of Wajir and Turkana shows worrying protection trends with a rise in survival sex among young girls, prevalence of violence, rape and attacks against women, a rise in teenage pregnancies, and increasing numbers of children on the streets.