Horn of Africa - Drought Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2012
The Horn of Africa continues to receive significantly above-average rainfall during the October to December deyr or short rains. As of November 2, many areas between central Kenya and central Somalia had received more than double the normal rainfall and areas in eastern Kenya and southern Somalia had received more than four times the normal rainfall, according to USAID’s Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). While the rainfall will likely increase water availability for livestock and agriculture activities, the above-average levels have caused numerous local floods and increased the risk of waterborne disease outbreaks throughout the Horn of Africa. However, pastoralists and agro-pastoralists require several consecutive rainy seasons to initiate full recovery.
On October 27, the U.N. Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia convened an ad hoc meeting of the Somalia Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and donors to discuss the humanitarian implications of recent military activity in Somalia, including the Kenyan initiative into southern Somalia and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) offensive into the Dayniile District of Mogadishu—the last remaining district of the city with significant al-Shabaab presence. The Somalia HCT is also conferring with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) regarding implications, security posture, and contingency planning.
USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) recently provided $2.5 million in additional FY 2012 humanitarian assistance for affected populations in Djibouti, bringing the total U.S. Government (USG) humanitarian assistance to the region to more than $756.5 million in FY 2011 and FY 2012 to date. As of November 3, the majority of drought-response activities supported through FY 2011 funding provided by USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID/FFP remain ongoing.