On August 13, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) released the revised 2012 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that nearly 3.76 million people will require food assistance between August and December 2012, an increase of nearly 16 percent over the January-to-June caseload of approximately 3.2 million individuals. The HRD specifies that approximately $189.4 million is required to address food and non-food humanitarian needs in Ethiopia for the remainder of 2012.
On August 14, U.N. Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia Mark Bowden expressed deep concern regarding reports of civilian casualties in Kismayo town, Lower Juba Region, as the result of naval gunfire and airstrikes against al-Shabaab positions in the strategic port town. While the U.N. indicated that fighting for control of the town seemed imminent, Bowden urged involved parties to make every effort to minimize the impact of conflict on civilians and allow full humanitarian access to affected populations. Although relief agencies have not conducted detailed assessments of humanitarian conditions in Kismayo recently, the local population is likely experiencing a lack of affordable food, safe drinking water, and health care, as well as movement restrictions, according to international media. Since late July, insecurity and deteriorating humanitarian conditions have displaced more than 800 people from Kismayo, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports.
The Health Cluster—the coordinating body for health-related assistance in Somalia—reported an improving trend in recent months in the incidence of several diseases in central and southern Somalia. Between June and July, health facilities reported an 84 percent decrease in the number of suspected cholera cases, a 45 percent decline in confirmed malaria cases, and a 6 percent decrease in measles cases, according to OCHA. The disease reductions are attributed to prevention campaigns and the end of the gu rainy season.