Due to favorable and mostly above-average October-to-December rains, along with high levels of humanitarian assistance, areas of Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia have recently shown considerable improvements in food security conditions, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). Despite improvements, the food security outlook for the Horn of Africa from January to March 2012 remains fragile due to a loss of livelihood assets during successive seasons of failed rains, conflict, livestock disease, above-normal food and non-food prices, and flooding.
On January 19, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) and the U.N. launched the joint 2012 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), identifying more than 3.2 million people in need of emergency food assistance during the first half of 2012—a 29 percent decrease from the nearly 4.6 million people identified as food insecure in the second half of 2011. The HRD indicates a net humanitarian funding requirement of $168.7 million to meet emergency food and non-food needs during the first half of 2012. The GoE plans to release a document detailing refugee-related requirements in the coming weeks.