Due to ongoing insecurity at the Dadaab refugee camp complex and surrounding areas in northeastern Kenya, humanitarian operations at Dadaab remain limited to the provision of essential services, including food distributions and nutrition, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities. On December 6, an explosion at Dadaab‘s Ifo 2 camp resulted in the death of one Kenyan police officer and injured three others, according to the Kenyan Red Cross Society. The officers were escorting U.N. officials to the camp at the time of the attack.
The ongoing October-to-December heavy rains across southern Somalia, northern Kenya, and the Somali Region of Ethiopia continue to hinder humanitarian response activities in drought- and conflict-affected communities. During the week of November 28, the U.N. Humanitarian Air Service cancelled nearly all flights to the Dollo Ado refugee camps—where more than 138,400 refugees resided as of December 7—due to flooding at the airstrip. In addition, several roads to Dollo Ado remain impassable, delaying the delivery of humanitarian supplies.
October nutrition and mortality surveys indicate small improvements in the humanitarian situation in southern Somalia since August, according to the U.N. Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels in October ranged between 20 and 34.5 percent, a decrease from 30 to 58 percent in July/August. However, October acute malnutrition levels are approximately double the median GAM level of a normal October-to-December deyr season. Continued access to southern Somalia is critical to further improvements in the humanitarian situation, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).